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Mallinckrodt Presents Positive Phase 3 Results from its CONFIRM Study of Terlipressin in Patients with Hepatorenal Syndrome Type 1 (HRS-1) at The Liver Meeting® 2019

November 11, 2019
Mallinckrodt logo
Mallinckrodt logo

STAINES-UPON-THAMES, United Kingdom, Nov. 11, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Mallinckrodt plc (NYSE: MNK), a global biopharmaceutical company, today announced results from its pivotal Phase 3 CONFIRM study to assess the efficacy and safety of its investigational agent terlipressin in adults with hepatorenal syndrome type 1 (HRS-1). HRS-1 is an acute and life-threatening syndrome involving acute kidney failure in people with cirrhosis.1 Results were reported during a late-breaking abstract presentation today at The Liver Meeting® 2019, the annual meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD), in Boston. The CONFIRM abstract was also selected by AASLD for inclusion in its prestigious “Best of the Liver Meeting” educational program in the portal hypertension/cirrhosis category.

In the 35-month study period, 300 patients from the U.S. (89 percent) and Canada (11 percent) participated in the largest-ever prospective, multi-center randomized controlled clinical trial in HRS-1. Patients in the study were critically ill, as indicated by assessments of their liver and kidney function at the start of the trial. Patients in the trial had a mean Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score of 33; a mean serum creatinine (SCr) level of 3.5 mg/dL; and 61 percent were categorized as Child-Pugh Class C.2

The study met its primary endpoint of Verified HRS Reversal (VHRSR), which is defined as renal function improvement, avoidance of dialysis and short-term survival. 29.1 percent (58/199) of patients administered terlipressin plus albumin achieved Verified HRS Reversal versus 15.8 percent (16/101) on placebo plus albumin (p=0.012). In order to achieve Verified HRS Reversal, patients had to have two consecutive SCr values ≤1.5 mg/dL, at least two hours apart by day 14 or hospital discharge, and be alive without intervening renal replacement therapy (RRT) for at least 10 days following discharge or treatment.2

“HRS-1 is a rapidly progressing and often fatal disease that is extremely difficult to diagnose and treat, and many patients don’t live beyond a few weeks without treatment. The results from the CONFIRM trial are very encouraging, and show terlipressin, if approved, has the potential to reverse the course of HRS-1 as measured by renal function improvement, avoidance of dialysis and short-term survival,” said presenting author Florence Wong, MBBS, MD, FRACP, FRCPC, hepatologist at Toronto General Hospital, and professor of Medicine at the University of Toronto. “These results provide important information that may help the healthcare community better manage this critically ill and underserved patient population.”

HRS-1 has a median survival time of less than two weeks and greater than 80 percent mortality within three months if left untreated.3,4 At present, there are no approved drug therapies for HRS-1 in the U.S. or Canada.5 HRS-1 is estimated to affect between 30,000 and 40,000 patients in the U.S. annually.6,7 Terlipressin is an investigational product and its safety and effectiveness have not yet been established by the U.S. FDA or Health Canada. The company plans to submit a New Drug Application to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the first half of 2020.

“We are grateful to all the patients and investigators who participated in the CONFIRM trial and greatly encouraged by the positive results, which demonstrated that terlipressin may have a potential impact on the progressively worsening kidney function that is the hallmark of HRS-1,” said Steven Romano, M.D., Executive Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer at Mallinckrodt. “Today marks the culmination of a long clinical development journey led by our passionate, dedicated clinical development team. The results from this largest-ever prospective phase 3 clinical trial in HRS-1 provide meaningful insight into the management of HRS-1 in clinical practice.”

CONFIRM Study Key Findings2

About the Pivotal Phase 3 CONFIRM Study (multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial in the U.S. and Canada):2

Find out more information about the CONFIRM trial here on the ClinicalTrials.gov website.

About Terlipressin
Terlipressin is a potent, vasopressin analogue selective for V1 receptors being investigated for the treatment of HRS-1 in the U.S. and Canada. It is an investigational product in these countries as the safety and efficacy have not been established with, nor has approval been granted by, regulatory authorities in either country. Terlipressin is approved for use outside the U.S. and Canada.

Mallinckrodt is a global business consisting of multiple wholly owned subsidiaries that develop, manufacture, market and distribute specialty pharmaceutical products and therapies. The company’s Specialty Brands reportable segment’s areas of focus include autoimmune and rare diseases in specialty areas like neurology, rheumatology, nephrology, pulmonology and ophthalmology; immunotherapy and neonatal respiratory critical care therapies; analgesics and gastrointestinal products. Its Specialty Generics reportable segment includes specialty generic drugs and active pharmaceutical ingredients. To learn more about Mallinckrodt, visit www.mallinckrodt.com.

Mallinckrodt uses its website as a channel of distribution of important company information, such as press releases, investor presentations and other financial information. It also uses its website to expedite public access to time-critical information regarding the company in advance of or in lieu of distributing a press release or a filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) disclosing the same information. Therefore, investors should look to the Investor Relations page of the website for important and time-critical information. Visitors to the website can also register to receive automatic e-mail and other notifications alerting them when new information is made available on the Investor Relations page of the website.

This release includes forward-looking statements with regard to terlipressin and the study described in this release, including its potential impact on patients. The statements are based on assumptions about many important factors, including the following, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements: satisfaction of regulatory and other requirements; actions of regulatory bodies and other governmental authorities; changes in laws and regulations; issues with product quality, manufacturing or supply, or patient safety issues; and other risks identified and described in more detail in the “Risk Factors” section of Mallinckrodt’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and other filings with the SEC, all of which are available on its website. The forward-looking statements made herein speak only as of the date hereof and Mallinckrodt does not assume any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events and developments or otherwise, except as required by law.

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Mallinckrodt, the “M” brand mark and the Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals logo are trademarks of a Mallinckrodt company. Other brands are trademarks of a Mallinckrodt company or their respective owners.
©2019 Mallinckrodt. US-1901762 11/19


1 National Organization for Rare Disorders. Hepatorenal Syndrome. Available at: https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/hepatorenal-syndrome/. Accessed April 9, 2019
2 Data on file. Mallinckrodt Hospital Products, Inc.
3 Colle I and Laterre PF. Hepatorenal syndrome: the clinical impact of vasoactive therapy, Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology. (2018) 12:2, 173-188, DOI: 10.1080/17474124.2018.1417034.
4 Gines P, Sola E, Angeli P, et al. Hepatorenal syndrome. Nature Reviews. (2018) 4:23.
5 Boyer TD, Medicis JJ, Pappas SC, et al. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study to confirm the reversal of hepatorenal syndrome type 1 with terlipressin: the REVERSE trial design. Open Access Journal of Clinical Trials 2012:4. https://www.dovepress.com/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study-to-confirm-the-reve-peer-reviewed-article-OAJCT.
6 C Pant, B S Jani, M Desai, A Deshpande, Prashant Pandya, Ryan Taylor, R Gilroy, M Olyaee. Hepatorenal syndrome in hospitalized patients with chronic liver disease: results from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2002–2012. J Investig Med 2016;64:33–38.
7 US Census 2018 https://www.census.gov/search-results.html?searchType=web&cssp=SERP&q=US population 2018, accessed on 06 August 2019.

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