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December 11, 2018

The prime minister may ask EU leaders to accept changes to the deal when they meet Dec. 13-14 in hopes of winning support in Parliament. EU leaders insist the 585-page withdrawal agreement can’t be renegotiated, but the declaration on future relations is shorter and subject to future negotiations so amendments may be possible.

But there is no agreement about what a better deal would look like.

Many “Brexiteers” seek a clean break with the bloc and want to change the Irish backstop. Pro-EU lawmakers want a softer divorce — the so-called Norway option — that would keep Britain inside the EU’s single market for goods and services. The EU might be open to this idea, but it would mean accepting the continued free movement of EU citizens into the U.K., a red line for many Brexit supporters.