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TODAY IN HISTORY

October 30, 2016 GMT

Today is Sunday, Oct. 30, the 304th day of 2016. There are 62 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History

On Oct. 30, 1938, the radio play "The War of the Worlds," starring Orson Welles, aired as part of "The Mercury Theater on the Air" on CBS. (The broadcast, which employed a series of fake news reports about a Martian invasion, was said to have panicked some listeners, although how many has never been definitively established.)

On this date

1735— The second president of the United States, John Adams, was born in Braintree, Massachusetts.

1766— St. Paul’s Chapel, Manhattan’s oldest surviving house of worship, was consecrated.

1864— Helena, Montana, was founded.

1921— The silent film classic "The Sheik," starring Rudolph Valentino, premiered in Los Angeles.

1945— The U.S. government announced the end of shoe rationing, effective at midnight.

1961— The Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb, the "Tsar Bomba," with a force estimated at about 50 megatons.

1975— The New York Daily News ran the headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead" a day after President Gerald R. Ford said he would veto any proposed federal bailout of New York City.

1996— After a four-hour trial, a Chinese court sentenced pro-democracy activist Wang Dan to eleven years in prison for "conspiring to subvert the Chinese government." (Wang was freed in April 1998 and sent into exile in the United States.)

Thought for today

‘You cannot hope to build a better world without improving the individuals.’

Marie Curie

Polish Nobel Prize-winning chemist

(1867-1934)

Five years ago

Republican presidential candidate Herman Cain’s campaign denied a Politico report that he’d been twice accused of sexual harassment while he was the head of the National Restaurant Association in the 1990s. (This and other allegations, all denied by Cain, prompted his withdrawal from the White House race.)

Today’s Birthdays

Rock singer Grace Slick is 77. Country/rock musician Timothy B. Schmit (The Eagles) is 69. Actor Billy Brown (TV: "How to Get Away With Murder") is 46. Country singer Kassidy Osborn (SHeDAISY) is 40. Actor Gael Garcia Bernal is 38. Business executive Ivanka Trump is 35. Actor Tequan Richmond is 24. Rome Middle School seventh-grade student TamaraDanielle Foster, daughter of Timothy Foster of Atlanta and Leslie Foster of Rome, is 13.