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Former KGB General Elected to Soviet Parliament

September 3, 1990

MOSCOW (AP) _ An ex-KGB general who alleged the secret police agency continues to spy on Soviet citizens scored a decisive victory in a runoff election for a seat in the Soviet parliament, officials said Monday.

Oleg Kalugin won 57.9 percent of the vote in Sunday’s voting for the seat in the southern Russian province of Krasnodar, about 750 miles south of Moscow, said Vladislav Busheyev, chairman of the regional Election Commission.

Kalugin defeated Nikolai Gorovoi, an agricultural official who won 39.2 percent of the vote, Busheyev said in a telephone interview.

″My election victory is a manifestation that the revolutionary process is shifting from the center to the provinces,″ Kalugin told the independent Interfax news agency.

The win ensures that Kalugin will have broad immunity to continue criticizing his former employers without fear of prosecution.

Kalugin’s campaign focused on his allegations that the KGB continues to tap telephones, infiltrate trade unions and the Russian Orthodox Church and play dirty tricks abroad, despite a campaign to shed its image as an instrument of purges and repression.

Kalugin, 55, was dismissed and stripped of his rank after going public with his accusations in June. The Soviet prosecutor has been investigating him since July 17 under a law against divulging state secrets, but no formal charges have been filed.

As an elected lawmaker, Kalugin cannot be prosecuted on criminal charges without the agreement of the Soviet legislature.

The former major general was a KGB agent in the United States from 1958 to 1970, first under the cover of being a Radio Moscow correspondent and later as a first secretary in the Soviet Embassy in Washington.

The KGB and its supporters tried to discredit Kalugin before an initial vote was held last month in Krasnodar, an agricultural region along the Black Sea. Kalugin outpolled 20 other candidates but did not win the required majority.

Kalugin told the independent news agency Interfax on Monday that KGB agents were ″very active″ in Krasnodar and followed his campaign workers.

On Saturday, the KGB accused him of slander for saying that two people who had once worked as assistants to KGB Chairman Vladimir Kryuchkov and his deputy chairman, Viktor Grushko, later defected. Kalugin made the allegations Friday night on the popular television program Vzglyad, or Viewpoint.

The KGB called it ″another slanderous allegation by Oleg Kalugin.″ In a statement released by Tass, the KGB also said ″it is impossible to bypass the fact that many statements by Kalugin betray striking affinity to numerous statements″ by one of the defectors.

The KGB said neither Kryuchkov nor Grushko ever had assistants who betrayed their country.

Krasnodar’s seat in the national Congress of People’s Deputies, which meets twice a year, was vacated by Ivan Polozkov, who left to become the Communist Party chief of the Russian republic.

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