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Georgians choose new president directly for last time
October 28, 2018
TBILISI, Georgia (AP) — Residents of Georgia on Sunday voted for a new president of the former Soviet republic on the Black Sea, the last time the president will be elected by direct ballot.
Opinion polls ahead of the vote suggested that none of the 25 candidates was likely to receive the absolute majority need for a first-round win. If no one wins 50 percent support, a runoff between the top two candidates is to be held by Dec. 1.
No results had been announced as of early Monday, more than four hours after the polls closed and it wasn’t clear when a final tally would be made. The country’s elections commission said turnout was about 47 percent nationwide.
After the new president’s six-year term in completed, future presidents will be chosen by a delegate system, part of constitutional changes that make the prime minister the most powerful political figure in Georgia. The president functions as head of state and commander in chief, but is otherwise largely ceremonial.
Incumbent Giorgi Margvelashvili didn’t run.
The three top contenders are all former foreign ministers — Salome Zurabishvili, Grigol Vashadze and David Bakradze — who served during the presidency of now-exiled Mikheil Saakashvili.
Zurabishvili was sacked in 2005 amid disagreements with parliament. She is running as an independent but is backed by the powerful Georgian Dream party, which is funded by controversial billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili, a Saakashvili foe. Georgian Dream holds an overwhelming majority in the parliament.
Zurabishvili, however, has been heavily criticized for her contention that Georgia started the 2008 war with Russia. Some Georgians look with suspicion at her foreign background: born in France, she didn’t visit Georgia until she was in her 30s and she once served as a French diplomat.
Zurabishvili countered that this background is a strong qualification for Georgian president as the country seeks closer ties with the European Union. Georgia also is a strong U.S. ally and has ambitions to join NATO.
Vashadze, backed by a coalition that includes the United National Movement that was founded by Saakashvili, says Saakashvili, who was stripped of his citizenship in 2015 and was sentenced in absentia for abuse of power, should be allowed to return to Georgia.
The third top candidate, Bakradze, is from the European Georgia Party, which split off from the UNM. He says Zurabishvili is “unacceptable due to her position and statements, which directly harm Georgia’s security and national interests.”