Libya's political chaos slows response to Islamic State
Feb. 02, 2016
ROME (AP) — The military strategy for eliminating the Islamic State in Libya appeared on hold Tuesday as nations fighting the extremist group said they could help the North African country re-establish security once its long-awaited new government is established.
But Libya is in political crisis, more than four years after a U.S.-led military effort helped topple dictator Moammar Gadhafi. Neither the U.S. nor anyone else at a 23-nation conference in Rome spoke of a second military intervention.
Although much of the conference focused on anti-Islamic State efforts in Syria and Iraq, the concluding statement of foreign ministers also noted Islamic State's "growing influence" in Libya. And U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry issued his own warning, saying "the last thing in the world you want is a false caliphate with access to billions of dollars of oil revenue." He called for more security training and undefined military support for Libya.
Since 2014, Libya has been split between two rival authorities. A new unity government still doesn't have parliamentary approval. And an Islamic State affiliate is carving out territory in the center of Libya while militants, wearied by coalition air strikes in Iraq and Syria, flock to the new front.
Despite increased alarm, the U.S. and the European and Arab countries only resolved at Tuesday's meeting to "continue to monitor closely developments there, and stand ready to support the Government of National Accord in its efforts to establish peace and security for the Libyan people."
Kerry indicated political progress might be occurring behind the scenes, describing Libya as "on the brink of getting a new government" after months of waiting. But at a news conference later in the day, Kerry sidestepped a question that specifically concerned military strategy in Libya by focusing mainly on Syria and on President Barack Obama's determination not to build a significant U.S. military troop presence anywhere.
The meeting in Rome comes days after Obama convened a National Security Council meeting dedicated to Libya. U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter also warned that IS militants were consolidating there by establishing training sites, attracting foreign recruits and raising tax money.
European countries, too, are weighing options, and Kerry won support from the meeting's host, Italian Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni. Italy, whose southernmost point is less than 300 miles from Libya, is the point of entry for hundreds of thousands of migrants using Libya-based smugglers to reach Europe.
Appearing alongside Kerry, Gentiloni said Italy would provide security assistance once Libya's government is confirmed and makes the appropriate request. He said "many countries" were working up such plans, but "we need a political process" first. France and Britain seem to have similar reservations.
In Washington, a key lawmaker said Western countries shouldn't wait.
"I don't think we can afford at this time to put off actions that might interrupt IS's operational capabilities" in Libya, said Rep. Adam Schiff, the House Intelligence Committee's top Democrat.
Tuesday's conference in Rome ended with similarly vague pledges to accelerate the Islamic State's defeat in Syria and Iraq.
Gentiloni said IS has lost 40 percent of the land it once held in Iraq, and 20 percent in Syria.
And Kerry cited the coalition's achievements over the last 16 months: 10,000 airstrikes, 90 leading militants killed, oil sites targeted, finances disrupted, most of the Turkish border sealed off, and heavy weapons, training sites and infrastructure all hammered by the U.S.-led campaign.
Neither outlined any new military steps from any coalition member, and there was no indication when the fight would move to the key Iraqi city of Mosul or the Islamic State's self-proclaimed capital of Raqqa, Syria.
In Washington, Defense Secretary Ash Carter said he'll lay out a plan to allies in Europe next week for intensifying the military campaigns in Iraq and Syria, and solicit new contributions. The plan includes Mosul and Raqqa's recapture.
"I'm going to say, OK guys, let's match up what is needed to win with what you have, and give everybody the opportunity to make an assignment for themselves," he told reporters.
Associated Press writers Robert Burns and Deb Riechmann contributed from Washington.