Today in Arizona History

October 30, 2019 GMT

PHOENIX (AP) — Sunday, Nov. 3

On this date in 1852, Captain Lorenzo Sitgreaves reached Fort Yuma after completing his survey of the Zuni, Little Colorado, and Colorado Rivers.

On this date in 1868, the first United States Land Office in Arizona was opened in Phoenix.

On this date in 1988, for the first time in American history, the top five state-elected offices are held by women.

On this date in 1992, Arizona voters pass Proposition 300, making Martin Luther King Jr. Day the only voter-approved King holiday in a state.

Monday, Nov. 4

On this date in 1775, because it was San Carlos Day, Father Francisco Garces gave the San Carlos River its name.

On this date in 1929, a truck carrying a load of roofing nails from Tucson to Florence leaked its load along 65 miles of highway, leaving dozens of motorists stranded in its wake with flat tires.

On this date in 1935, Maricopa County opened a drive to raise money for a Will Rogers Memorial.

On this date in 1979, the Iranian hostage crisis began as militants stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. For some of the hostages, it was the start of 444 days of captivity.

On this date in 2001, the Arizona Diamondbacks rally to beat the New York Yankees 3-2 in Game 7 of the World Series and snag their first title.

On this date in 2008, Sen. John McCain of Arizona loses his bid for the U.S. presidency to Sen. Barack Obama of Illinois. Obama received 365 electoral votes while McCain received 173.

Tuesday, Nov. 5

On this date in 1912, Arizona held a general election and returned the recall of the judiciary to the State Constitution.

On this date in 1915, aviatrix Katherine Stinson dropped Arizona’s first official air mail letters near the Tucson Post Office.

On this date in 1922, 119,000 acres of Arizona land was ordered open for settlement by veterans.

On this date in 1924, the Catholic Church of Santa Cruz in Tucson was seriously damaged by the explosion of a bomb.

On this date in 1932, outlaws robbed the bank in Clemenceau (in Verde Valley, Yavapai County) and got away with $7,000.

On this date in 1935, the proposal to divide Cochise County failed when petitions for a special election fell 300 short of sufficient signatures.

Wednesday, Nov. 6

On this date in 1906, Arizona voted overwhelmingly against joint statehood with New Mexico. The measure was defeated by a vote of 16,265 to 3,141.

On this date in 1914, the Nogales Daily Herald was established.

On this date in 1915, a fire of unknown origin destroyed the Arizona Copper Company’s new concentrator system at Clifton.

On this date in 1936, the forerunner of the Rodeo Cowboys Association, the Cowboys Turtle Association, was formed by 61 cowboys. Everett Bowlan, then of Hillside, Arizona, was named the first President.

Thursday, Nov. 7

On this date in 1864, the House bill incorporating the Arizona Historical Society was approved by Gov. John C. Goodwin.

On this date in 1879, Ed Echols, former cowboy, rancher and rodeo performer, who served for many years as Pima County Sheriff, was born.

On this date in 1908, The Arizona Republic staged the first overland auto race in the state. Four cars left Los Angeles at midnight and reached Phoenix in 41 1/2 hours.

On this date in 1916, Thomas E. Campbell defeated incumbent George W.P. Hunt in the race for Arizona governor by only 30 votes, setting off a five-month legal battle.

Friday, Nov. 8

On this date in 1864, the Territorial Legislature adopted the Howell Code as the legal system for the Territory and created the four original counties of Pima, Mojave, Yuma and Yavapai.

On this date in 1887, Gen. Nelson A. Miles visited Tucson to receive a hero’s welcome and a ceremonial sword worth $1,000 for having ended the Geronimo war.

On this date in 1906, a student prank at the University of Arizona ended in the explosion of a field gun and panic in the women’s dormitory.

On this date in 1918, the Phoenix Chapter of the Red Cross issued a desperate appeal for nurses and workers as the number of influenza cases soared and deaths mounted.

On this date in 1929, automatic voting machines were used in a Tucson election for the first time.

On this date in 2011, Russell Pearce, the Republican state senator who championed Arizona’s illegal immigration law, is ousted in a recall election.

On this date in 2011, Bil Keane, creator of the “Family Circus” comic strip, dies at age 89 at his home in Paradise Valley.

Saturday, Nov. 9

On this date in 1871, the White Mountain and Fort Apache Indian Reservations were established.

On this date in 1921, a fire caused $150,000 of extensive damage in the Nogales business district.