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List of Impeached Governors

April 5, 1988 GMT

Undated (AP) _ Here is a list of the seven U.S. governors who have been impeached and removed from office, including Evan Mecham of Arizona who was convicted Monday:

WILLIAM W. HOLDEN of North Carolina, removed in 1871.

Holden was impeached after he unconstitutionally suspended the right of habeas corpus and sent militia to quell violence by the Ku Klux Klan, which was accused of murders aimed at frightening blacks into not voting. He also arrested a number of political opponents.

DAVID BUTLER, Nebraska’s first governor, removed in 1871.


Butler was removed for misappropriating school funds, but the impeachment proceedings subsequently were expunged from the legislative record and in 1888 he was elected to another term as governor.

WILLIAM SULZER, New York, removed in 1913.

The Senate convicted him of three charges of misappropriation of funds. Sulzer, a product of Tammany Hall, snubbed the machine’s patronage demands after he was elected and launched an investigation of corruption. Annoyed legislators then dredged up charges of financial irregularities, which even some anti-Tammany forces agreed were true.

JAMES E. ″Farmer Jim″ FERGUSON, Texas, 1917.

Ferguson was convicted by the Senate on 10 charges, some stemming from a fight over control of the University of Texas. Ferguson resigned a day before his conviction was announced.

His wife, Miriam ″Ma″ Ferguson, was twice elected governor, serving from 1925-27 and 1933-35.

JOHN C. WALTON, Oklahoma, removed in 1923.

He had declared martial law and ordered the National Guard to disband a grand jury which was investigating him. The House returned 22 articles of impeachment ranging from violation of the separation of powers to diverting public funds.

HENRY S. JOHNSTON, Oklahoma, removed in 1929.

Johnston had ordered the National Guard to surround the Capitol to prevent the Legislature from assembling to investigate the governor. Johnston was impeached but not convicted in 1928, but was impeached again the next year and removed.

EVAN MECHAM, Arizona, removed in 1988.

Mecham was convicted of attempting to thwart an investigation into a death threat allegedly made by an aide in fall 1987. The vote in the state Senate was 21-9, one more vote than the two-thirds needed. Though it was not needed to remove him from office, a second Senate vote then convicted him on an unrelated count. The first-term Republican took office in January 1987.