Human Rights Watch: Trump era encourages world’s strongmen
PARIS (AP) — Human Rights Watch said Thursday that new intolerance in countries like the U.S. is encouraging oppressive strongmen around the world.
In an annual report assessing the state of human rights around the world, the advocacy group says immigrant-bashing and other populist policies pose “an enormous threat” to hard-fought minority rights in democratic countries.
The group’s director, Kenneth Roth, singled out President Donald Trump, saying he “has broken all the taboos against racism, against misogyny, against xenophobia.”
While Trump’s supporters welcome his frank discourse, Roth warns that it has dangerous implications beyond American borders.
Trump “has this insatiable admiration for strongmen,” like Presidents Vladimir Putin of Russia, Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi of Egypt or President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines, Roth said in an interview with The Associated Press in Paris.
“This makes it much more difficult to stigmatize these authoritarian leaders when Trump says these are great guys,” he said.
The report urges democratic governments to address the problems that allowed populism to prosper, such as income inequality, fears of terrorism and growing migration.
“What the authoritarian populists did is take these legitimate grievances and scapegoat vulnerable minorities to say ‘it’s the migrants who are at fault,’” Roth said.
It’s an unusual report by a group known for uncovering rights violations in war zones or repressive dictatorships. This year, the annual review from New York-based Human Rights Watch highlights the dangers of intolerance in rich, peaceful places too, and encourages mass resistance.
It points to France as an example, after centrist French President Emmanuel Macron’s unlikely victory last year against anti-immigrant candidate Marine Le Pen.
While the group welcomed Macron’s election, it expresses concerns about Macron’s decision to expand police powers and enshrine state of emergency measures imposed after extremist attacks into permanent law.
Roth is also concerned about Macron’s plan for a law against fake news during election campaigns.
“We should be very careful not to use the fake news phenomenon as an excuse for governments to get into the censorship business,” Roth said.
The report decries what is calls creeping authoritarianism in Poland and Hungary, and urges the European Union to more strongly oppose Saudi military excesses in Yemen, Myanmar’s brutal campaign against Rohingya Muslims and Turkey’s crackdown on independent media.
An annual report this week by Washington think tank Freedom House had a similar message. It said basic rights and political freedoms in the U.S. are deteriorating at a faster pace under Trump, exacerbated by attacks on key institutions like the media and the courts. And it said Trump’s frequent disparagement of the media and judiciary could send a signal to autocrats overseas that it’s OK to delegitimize those institutions in their own countries.