Arizona history-July 25-31
Sunday, July 25
On this date in 1865, the first Masonic Lodge in Arizona held its first meeting in the upper room of the Governor’s mansion in Prescott.
On this date in 1917, Rancher Tom Price and his wife and two children were sleeping in their home near Mescal when water began pouring through the windows. The family barely had time to climb outside the bedroom window and up a mesquite tree when the house and all that was in it was completely washed away by a flood.
On this date in 1921, the first edition of Arizona Highways was published.
On this date in 1939, Tuzigoot was made a national monument by presidential proclamation.
Monday, July 26
On this date in 1844, Mariano Samaniego, a southern Arizona freighter, cattleman and operator of the stage line from Tucson to Oro Blanco who became a citizen of the United States under the terms of the Gadsden Purchase, was born.
On this date in 1917, 5 miles (8 kilometers) of Ajo Highway was reported washed out, with culvert pipe exposed across the road at intervals. Motorists were warned to use searchlights or risk crashing into the culverts. Sasco and Silverbell were cut off entirely as all roads and bridges leading into those towns were destroyed. Also on this date, a violent hailstorm filled the streets of Flagstaff with 6 inches (15 centimeters) of ice.
On this date in 1919, the city of Tucson gave 82 acres (33 hectares) of land on South Sixth Avenue to the War Department for use as an aviation field.
Tuesday, July 27
On this date in 1862, General Order Number 12, issued by headquarters column from California, authorized the establishment of Camp Bowie at the Apache Pass Overland Mail Station.
On this date in 1864, John B. “Pie” Allen made the first application for homestead land in Arizona.
On this date in 2007, two news helicopters collide midair while covering a police chase in Phoenix, killing all four people on board.
Wednesday, July 28
On this date in 1856, Maj, Enoch Steen was ordered to march from Fort Craig, New Mexico, with four companies of the 1st Dragoons to establish a post in the vicinity of Tucson.
On this date in 1899, Tucson businessmen paid $1,000 toward the cost of a wagon road to the city of Globe. The shortest road then in use required 48 hours to make the trip.
On this date in 1928, cloudburst waters ran down the slopes of the Pinal Mountains and swept through Miami, doing $500,000 worth of damage in seven minutes.
Thursday, July 29
On this date in 1852, Commodore Perry Owens, the famous long-haired, straight-shooting sheriff from Holbrook, was born.
On this date in 1898, Pete Gabriel, former sheriff of Pinal County, died at the Monitor Mine on Mineral Creek.
Friday, July 30
On this date in 1872, a corporation was formed in San Francisco to develop diamond fields in northern Arizona. The undertaking was eventually proven to be a swindle which became known as the “Great Diamond Hoax.”
On this date in 1921, Gov. Thomas E. Campbell canceled the state fair to save taxpayers $90,000.
On this date in 2010, three convicted murderers escaped from Arizona State Prison in Golden Valley by cutting a hole in the prison’s perimeter fence. Daniel Renwick was captured a day later in Colorado. Tracy Province and John McCluskey were recaptured days later after a crime spree that included the kidnapping and murder of Gary and Linda Haas in New Mexico.
Monday, July 31
On this date in 1875, Capt. A.W. Corliss, commanding at Fort McDowell, reported to the Department of Arizona Headquarters that the roof on one wing of the guard house had fallen in and the roof on the main building was liable to fall in at any moment.
On this date in 1903, the Prescott Journal Miner announced that the hanging of two murderers “was from a professional or official standpoint” a perfect success.