Arizona history-June 27-July 3
Sunday, June 27
On this date in 1881, 15 tons of gunpowder exploded in Zeckendorf’s powder magazine at the edge of Tucson, smashing windows and dishes and damaging buildings all over town. Churches were quickly filled with people who feared the end of the world was at hand.
On this date in 1921, a fire destroyed the mining town of Oatman with the loss estimated at $500,000.
On this date in 1926, a shoulder blade of a huge prehistoric animal was discovered at Arivaca.
Monday, June 28
On this date in 1888, The Phoenix Herald announced the arrival of 16 ostriches, delivered to M.E. Clanton who was establishing a local ostrich farm.
On this date in 1909, the Tucson Citizen reported that a masked bandit held up a street car at the main gate of the University of Arizona and took a gold watch and $15 in cash from the passengers.
On this date in 1965, Ross Santee, cowboy artists and author, died in Globe at the age of 76.
Tuesday, June 29
On this date in 1907, a fire destroyed 80 buildings in Bisbee, leaving 600 people homeless.
On this date in 1916, the first Arizona chapter of the American Red Cross was organized in Phoenix.
On this date in 2008, two medical helicopters ferrying patients to Flagstaff Medical Center collide near the hospital, killing all seven people aboard the aircraft.
Wednesday, June 30
On this date in 1910, Gov. Richard E. Sloan issued a proclamation calling for the election of officers in Greenlee County, which was recently formed out of Graham County.
On this date in 1910, it was announced that the 21,938-acre abandoned military reservation of Camp Bowie would be sold at an auction by the U.S. Government.
On this date in 1910, Col. E. W. Powell resigned as manager of the Calumet & Arizona Co. in Bisbee and John Greenway was named successor.
On this date in 1931, Andrew Ellicott Douglas of the University of Arizona was honored for his work in dendrochronology by the Research Corporation of New York. Charles Evans Hughes presented the award to Douglas.
On this date in 1956, a United DC-7 carrying 58 people and a TWA Super Constellation Airliner carrying 70 people collided and crashed in the Grand Canyon, killing all 128 people in what was at the time the worst airline disaster in history.
On this date in 2013, 19 firefighters are killed while fighting the Yarnell Hill wildfire.
Thursday, July 1
On this date in 1874, an executive order set aside the San Xavier Reservation for the use of the Papago tribe.
On this date in 1876, the Territorial Prison in Yuma opened with seven prisoners in residence.
On this date in 1877, John P. Clum resigned his long position as Indian Agent at San Carlos after a long and stormy battle with the military over Indian policy.
On this date in 1898, William “Bucky” O’Neill, captain of Troop A of the Arizona Rough Riders, was killed in the Spanish American War.
On this date in 1924, the first parcel post package was sent by airmail from Tucson to New York.
On this date in 1927, Apache Lake filled and the water first flowed over Horse Mesa Dam.
Friday, July 2
On this date in 1833, the final title for the Arivaca Land Grant was awarded to Tomas and Ignacio Ortiz.
On this date in 1864, Congress made the Arizona Territory a part of the Surveying District of New Mexico, thus providing for surveying operations within Arizona. Surveys were begun at Initial Point, a stone monument placed on a hill on the south side of the Gila River opposite the mouth of the Salt River.
On this date in 1908, Coconino National Forest was created from parts of Black Mesa, Tonto and Grand Canyon Forest Reserves.
Saturday, July 3
On this date in 1839, Erastus Snow, co-founder of the town of Snowflake, was born.
On this date in 1887, the first railroad line to Phoenix began operation. Crowds gathered at the depot as the first engine pulled into town with three little girls, Mabel Hancock and Serene and Cora Goodrich, ringing the bell.
On this date in 1917, Gila County Sheriff Tom Armer swore in 400 citizens to protect the property at the Old Dominion Mine during a strike, pending the arrival of federal troops.