Text Excerpts from Gorbachev Speech
MOSCOW (AP) _ Here, as published by the English-language service of the official news agency Tass, are excerpts from Mikhail S. Gorbachev’s speech in the Pacific port of Vladivostok on Monday:
On Attitudes to the Arms Race:
The ruling circles of the U.S.A. and some countries allied to it are trying either to picture our peace initiatives as sheer propaganda or allege that only the Soviet Union stands to gain from them.
It is absurd and criminal to act in face of a nuclear threat according to an old, already dead scheme: What is good for the socialist countries should be rejected.
On U.S.-Soviet Relations:
After the Geneva meeting, the Soviet Union has put forward many large-scale proposals on the entrie range of problems of reducing and eliminating arms and of verifying the process. We did not see any movement to meet us halfway. We were treated in point of fact to the same stuff as prior to the Geneva summit.
With a view to overcoming the marking of time, we went farther along the road towards the U.S.A.: New large-scale compromise proposals were put forward in my June letter to the president of the united States. When visiting here, I received a reply from President Reagan. The reply sets one thinking. We have begun to study it. We shall treat it with responsibility and attention. To us the most important thing is first of all the extent to which the proposals contained in the letter meet the principle of equal security and whether they make it possible to reach effective joint solutions in the field of ending the arms race and preventing its spread to outer space.
We shall determine our further steps accordingly. As far as a new Soviet- U.S. summit meeting is concerned, I can repeat: We favor such a meeting. But we resolutely oppose the interpretation of the accords reached at the previous meeting in Geneva as reduced to the promise to have more meetings. No. The main thing on which we agreed last time with President Reagan and what we signed is the consent to strive for the normalization of relations between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. and for the improvement of the international situation, and to speed up the course of talks on the reduction of armaments. A new summit meeting, too, is called upon to promote that.
Six regiments will be returned home from Afghanistan before the end of 1986 - one armored regiment, two motorized rifle regiments, and three anti-aircraft artillery regiments - with their organic equipment and armaments. These units will be returned to the areas of their permanent deployment in the Soviet Union and in such a way that all those who take an interest in this could easily ascertain this.
Taking so serious a step of which we informed in advance the states concerned, including Pakistan, the Soviet Union is striving to speed political settlement.
Certain progress has been achieved of late at (U.N.-sponsored) Afghan- Pakista n talks. As soon as a political settlement is finally worked out, the return of all Soviet troops from Afghanistan can be sped up.
But all who encourage and finance the war against Afghanistan . .. should know that if the intervention against the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan continues, the Soviet Union will stand up for its neighbor.
On Asia and the Pacific:
The Pacific region has not as yet been militarized to the extent this has taken place in Europe. But the potentialities of its militarization are truly immense, and the consequences are extremely dangerous.
Let us not forget: It is in Asia that American imperialism waged two biggest wars since 1945 - in Korea and Indochina.
In Europe, there operates - well, or not well - the Helsinki process of dialogue, talks and agreements. This brings in certain stability and reduces the probability of armed conflicts. In (Asia), this is absent, or nearly absent. If something has been changing lately, this has not been for the better. Since the second half of the 70s, the U.S. has undertaken large-scale measures to build up armed forces in the Pacific Ocean.
The Soviet Union will seek to lend dynamism to its bilateral relations with all countries situated here without exception.
By way of an objective, no matter if it is a rather remote one, we would propose a conference, in the mold of the Helsinki conference, to be attended by all the countries gravitating toward the (Pacific) Ocean.
At present ... a question of withdrawing a substantial part of Soviet troops from Mongolia is being examined jointly with the Mongolian leadership.
Relations (with China) are extremely important for several reasons, starting from the fact that we are neighbors, that we share the world’s longest land border.
The Soviet Union attaches much importance to radical reduction of armed forces and conventional armaments in Asia to the limits of reasonable sufficiency. We realize that this problem should be tackled gradually, state- by-stage, by starting from some one district, say the far east. In this context, the U.S.S.R. is prepared to discuss with the People’s Republic of China concrete steps aimed at proportionate lowering of the level of land forces.
The Soviet Union is prepared - any time, and at any level - to discuss with China questions of additional measures for creating an atmosphere of goodneighborhood.
We note with satisfaction that a positive shift has become visible in economic ties. ... Some of the major problems of cooperation are literally knocking at the door. For instance, we do not want the border river of Amur to be viewed as a ‘water obstacle.’ Let the basin of this mighty river unite the efforts of the Chinese and the Soviet peoples in using for mutual benefit the rich resources available there and for building water-management projects. An inter-governmental agreement on this account is being jointly worked out, and the official border might pass along the main ship channel.
The Soviet government is preparing a positive reply in respect to the issue of assistance in building a railway to connect the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region with Kazakhstan.
We suggest cooperation with the Peoples’ Republic of China in space exploration, which could include the training of Chinese cosmonauts.