Former President of Sears International Dead at 84
ROCKVILLE, Md. (AP) _ Col. George Leonidovich Artamonoff, the first president of Sears International Inc. and later director of the Tokyo office of the Marshall Plan, has died of pneumonia. He was 84.
Artamonoff died Saturday at the Potomac Valley Nursing Home.
He joined Sears, Roebuck and Co. in 1931, and seven years later was named president of the company’s international division. Artamonoff also founded Sears of Cuba, planned other Latin America expansions and reorganized the company’s British subsidiary.
During World War II, Artamonoff was a major in the U.S. Army, participating in the assault landing at Oran, Algeria. He also participated in the invasion of southern France, the Battle of the Bulge, the crossing of the Rhine and the occupation of Augsburg, Germany.
Artamonoff served in seven campaigns, participated in two assault landings and received six decorations, including the Legion of Merit and the Bronze Star.
In 1950, he joined the Marshall Plan, then called the Economic Cooperation Administration. A year later, Artamonoff was named director of the administration’s Tokyo office and was responsible for restoration of trade and economic relations between Japan and the countries of Southeast Asia.
Artamonoff, who was born in Kursk, Russia, was the youngest member of the last class to graduate from the Corps of Pages, the elite military academy in St. Petersburg, now Leningrad, before the Russian Revolution.
His father, Leonid Constantinovich Artamonoff, was a general in the Imperial Russian Armies under Czar Nicholas II.
In 1919, Artamonoff joined the White Russian Army, and while commanding a platoon was wounded near Kursk. He was transported to a medical unit in a monastery.
Artamonoff was later evacuated on the U.S. Destroyer John D. Edwards and reached Washington, D.C., in 1921.
He attended George Washington University and received a degree in electrical engineering from Yale University’s Sheff School of Engineering in 1923. He became a U.S. citizen in 1926.
Artamonoff’s first wife, the former Jessie Downing, died in 1972.
He is survived by his second wife, the former Mary Mignot May Clapp; a sister, a daughter, a stepdaughter and a stepson.