Today in Arizona History
PHOENIX (AP) — Sunday, July 14
On this date in 1882, Johnny Ringo was found shot to death in Turkey Creek Canyon in the Chiricahua Mountains.
On this date in 1890, a fire, originating on Whiskey Row in a miner’s shack, almost destroyed Prescott. Banks, hotels, stores, the newspaper plant and scores of dwellings were burned.
On this date in 1908, Bisbee High School Alumni launched the first scholarship assistance movement in Arizona.
On this date in 1917, the Livestock Sanitary Board reported it had 18,500 cattle brands on file at the State Capitol.
On this date in 1922, Santa Cruz County sheriff George White was killed and his deputy L.A. Smith was seriously injured in a car crash on the Tucson-Nogales highway. The men were transporting the convicted murderers of the Ruby postmaster to the state prison in Florence. The prisoners escaped, setting off one of the largest manhunts in southern Arizona history.
Monday, July 15
On this date in 1859, Alexander John Chandler, first veterinary surgeon in Arizona, the introducer of long staple cotton, builder of the Consolidated Canal and San Marcos Resort Hotel and founder of Chandler, was born.
On this date in 1862, advance troops of the California Column were ambushed in Apache Pass by Indians led by Cochise and Mangus Coloradas. The Apaches were finally driven off, but they surrounded the spring in the pass, keeping the troops from the water. The Apaches were finally dislodged from the rocks around the spring with the use of howitzers which the Indians had never seen before.
On this date in 1865, three Hualapai chiefs granted right of way for the Mojave-Prescott toll road to William H. Hardy in exchange for $150 in merchandise.
On this date in 1883, the city of Mesa was incorporated.
On this date in 1898, Jean Baptiste Salpointe, the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Arizona, died.
On this date in 1948, a state Supreme Court decision leads to American Indians gaining the right to vote in Arizona.
On this date in 1960, tree rings were used to date a Navajo forked pole hogan to 1387, the earliest date on record.
Tuesday, July 16
On this date in 1847, the Mormon Battalion was mustered out after blazing the first wagon road through Arizona.
On this date in 1903, heavy rains hit the town of Ash Fork and the sidewalks floated down the street in 2 feet (0.6 meter) of water.
Wednesday, July 17
On this date in 1781, Father Francisco Garces was killed by Indians at his mission near Yuma.
On this date in 1882, the four-hour long “Battle of Big Dry Wash” was fought between the Apache Indians and U.S. Cavalry troops on Chevelon’s Fort.
On this date in 1935, the city of Phoenix purchased Sky Harbor Airport.
Thursday, July 18
On this date in 1864, Charles D. Poston was elected Arizona’s first territorial delegate.
On this date in 1864, the Mowry Mines were sold at public auction for $2,000 by Gen. James H. Carleton who had ordered the mines confiscated on the charge that Mowry was a Confederate sympathizer.
Friday, July 19
On this date in 1898, Gov. Myron H. McCord resigned from his office to lead a regiment in Cuba, and Nathan Oakes Murphy was appointed by President William McKinley to replace him.
Saturday, July 20
On this date in 1917, lightning struck a tent occupied by Company I of the First Arizona National Guard at Naco splintering the stock of a rifle and causing several cartridges to melt and become soldered together without exploding.
On this date in 1920, tourists in Phoenix were warned that the gasoline supply in Arizona was so low that it would be unsafe for them to leave for the next stop west without a supply of 20 gallons (76 liters) of extra fuel for their tanks. Also on this date, rabbits damaged cotton fields in Safford to such an extent that a rabbit hunt was organized which eliminated 2,000 of them.
On this date in 1935, Willcox and Benson citizens circulated a petition asking for a special election to form a new county with Tombstone as the county seat.
On this date in 1996, the name of the road commonly known as the Beeline Highway was changed to the Duthie-Martin Highway in honor of two law enforcement officers who were killed on the road while on duty. The name was changed as a result of a resolution approved during the legislative session that year.