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Buchanan’s Expansive Idea: Welcome Parts of Canada Into U.S.

March 1, 1996 GMT

WASHINGTON (AP) _ Talk about a vision thing. Pat Buchanan once had a vision that would make the United States the largest country in the world by taking over much of Canada, buying the island of Greenland and annexing a piece of Mexico.

Buchanan advocated the use of dollars and diplomacy _ not the force of arms _ to make all that happen.

Now that his bid to become the Republican candidate for president is gaining momentum, the views Buchanan expressed as a columnist and commentator are coming under scrutiny. His views on expanding America’s borders were spelled out in two 1990 issues of his conservative newsletter, ``From the Right.″


``A hard look at a map of Canada _ as large as the U.S., with but a tenth of our population _ suggests that, should the country come apart, America could pick up the pieces,″ Buchanan wrote.

In addition, he said, the United States could buy Greenland from its owner, Denmark, and could forgive Mexico’s U.S. debts in exchange for Baja, the gold-rich peninsula that stretches south of the California border.

``There is nothing wrong with Americans dreaming of a nation which, by the year 2000, encompasses the maritime and western provinces of Canada, the Yukon and Northwest Territories all the way to the (North) Pole, and contains the world’s largest island, Greenland, purchased from Denmark, giving the republic a land mass rivalling that of the USSR, under a constitution permitting all her people freedom to realize all their dreams,″ Buchanan wrote.

``The 21st century then could not but be the Second American Century.″

At the time, Canadians were confronting the possibility that French-speaking Quebec might break away from the rest of Canada. A plan to give Quebec special status within Canada was falling apart.

Buchanan suggested that President Bush tell the Canadians that the United States had no intention of taking territory against their will, ``but that the U.S. is open to any provincial request to associate with, or to join, the United States, should Canadians decide to dissolve their own confederation.″

He added: ``No harm is done if Canadians know that all their options are open.″

Last year, the people of Quebec, voting in a referendum, narrowly rejected independence. Buchanan was then asked if he still thought the United States should be open to receiving chunks of Canada.

``Any change is their business, not ours,″ he said. ``We can deal with that when, and if, the occasion arises.″

Perry Calli, a spokesman, said the Canadian embassy in Washington had no comment on Buchanan’s ideas.