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Calpine Reports Third Quarter 2019 Results

November 8, 2019

HOUSTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Nov 8, 2019--

Calpine Corporation:

Summary of Third Quarter 2019 Financial Results (in millions):

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

2019

 

2018

 

% Change

 

2019

 

2018

 

% Change

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Revenues

$

2,792

 

 

$

2,890

 

 

(3.4

)%

 

$

7,990

 

 

$

7,158

 

 

11.6

%

Income from operations

$

682

 

 

$

568

 

 

20.1

%

 

$

1,484

 

 

$

657

 

 

125.9

%

Cash provided by operating activities

$

912

 

 

$

817

 

 

11.6

%

 

$

1,431

 

 

$

873

 

 

63.9

%

Net Income 1

$

485

 

 

$

272

 

 

78.3

%

 

$

926

 

 

$

26

 

 

NM

Commodity Margin 2

$

1,127

 

 

$

974

 

 

15.7

%

 

$

2,658

 

 

$

2,280

 

 

16.6

%

Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow 2

$

767

 

 

$

676

 

 

13.5

%

 

$

1,546

 

 

$

1,248

 

 

23.9

%

Adjusted Free Cash Flow 2

$

614

 

 

$

509

 

 

20.6

%

 

$

1,081

 

 

$

749

 

 

44.3

%

____________
(1)

Reported as Net Income attributable to Calpine on our Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations.

(2)

Non-GAAP financial measure, see “Regulation G Reconciliations” for further details.

NM – Not meaningful

Calpine Corporation today reported Net Income of $485 million for the third quarter of 2019 compared to $272 million in the prior year period. The key drivers of the increase in Net Income were an increase in commodity revenue, net of commodity expense, which largely resulted from higher energy margins in Texas during the third quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year period; the commencement of commercial operations at our York 2 Energy Center in March 2019; and a favorable period-over-period change in our income taxes resulting from the application of intraperiod tax allocation rules to our interim results. These period-over-period increases were partially offset by a decrease in non-cash, mark-to-market earnings on our commodity hedge position for the third quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year period and the sale of our Garrison and RockGen Energy Centers in July 2019. Cash provided by operating activities for the third quarter of 2019 was $912 million compared to $817 million in the prior year period. The period-over-period increase in Cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to an increase in commodity revenue, net of commodity expense.

Net Income for the first nine months of 2019 was $926 million compared to $26 million in the prior year period. The key drivers of the increase in Net Income were a period-over-period increase in commodity revenue, net of commodity expense, which largely resulted from higher energy margins in Texas during the third quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year period; the commencement of commercial operations at our York 2 Energy Center in March 2019; and increased non-cash, mark-to-market earnings on our commodity hedge position for the first nine months of 2019 compared to the prior year period. These period-over-period increases were partially offset by the sale of our Garrison and RockGen Energy Centers in July 2019. Cash provided by operating activities for the first nine months of 2019 was $1,431 million compared to $873 million in the prior year period. The period-over-period increase in Cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to an increase in commodity revenue, net of commodity expense, as previously discussed, as well as a decrease in working capital employed resulting from a period-over-period net decrease in margin posting requirements and a change in environmental products balances.

REGIONAL SEGMENT REVIEW OF RESULTS

Table 1: Commodity Margin by Segment (in millions)

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

Variance

 

2019

 

2018

 

Variance

West

 

$

393

 

 

$

356

 

 

$

37

 

 

$

908

 

 

$

782

 

 

$

126

 

Texas

 

369

 

 

187

 

 

182

 

 

704

 

 

504

 

 

200

 

East

 

265

 

 

320

 

 

(55

)

 

765

 

 

729

 

 

36

 

Retail

 

100

 

 

111

 

 

(11

)

 

281

 

 

265

 

 

16

 

Total

 

$

1,127

 

 

$

974

 

 

$

153

 

 

$

2,658

 

 

$

2,280

 

 

$

378

 

West Region

Third Quarter: Commodity Margin in our West segment increased by $37 million in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year period. Primary drivers were:

+ higher contribution from hedging activities and

+ higher resource adequacy revenues, partially offset by

– lower revenue from reliability must run contracts.

Year-to-Date: Commodity Margin in our West segment increased by $126 million in the first nine months of 2019 compared to the prior year period. Primary drivers were:

+ higher contribution from hedging activities and

+ higher resource adequacy revenues, partially offset by

– lower revenue from reliability must run contracts.

Texas Region

Third Quarter: Commodity Margin in our Texas segment increased by $182 million in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year period, primarily due to higher market spark spreads during August and September 2019.

Year-to-Date: Commodity Margin in our Texas segment increased by $200 million in the first nine months of 2019 compared to the prior year period. Primary drivers were:

+ higher market spark spreads during August and September 2019, partially offset by

– higher revenue in the first quarter of 2018 associated with the sale of environmental credits with no similar activity in the current year period.

East Region

Third Quarter: Commodity Margin in our East segment decreased by $55 million in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year period. Primary drivers were:

– lower regulatory capacity revenue in PJM and ISO-NE and

– the sale of our Garrison and RockGen Energy Centers in July 2019, partially offset by

+ the commencement of commercial operations at our York 2 Energy Center in March 2019.

Year-to-Date: Commodity Margin in our East segment increased by $36 million in the first nine months of 2019 compared to the prior year period. Primary drivers were:

+ higher contribution from hedging activities,

+ higher regulatory capacity revenue in PJM and ISO-NE during the first half of 2019, and

+ the commencement of commercial operations at our York 2 Energy Center in March 2019, partially offset by

– lower regulatory capacity revenue in PJM and ISO-NE during the third quarter of 2019,

– lower market spark spreads,

– the sale of our Garrison and RockGen Energy Centers, and

– a gain associated with the cancellation of a PPA recorded during the first quarter of 2018 with no similar activity in the current year period.

Retail

Third Quarter: Commodity Margin in our Retail segment decreased by $11 million in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year period, primarily driven by decreased contribution from gas supply hedging activity during the third quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year period.

Year-to-Date: Commodity Margin in our Retail segment increased by $16 million in the first nine months of 2019 compared to the prior year period, primarily driven by increased sales revenue activity.

LIQUIDITY, CASH FLOW AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Table 2: Liquidity (in millions)

 

September 30, 2019

 

December 31, 2018

Cash and cash equivalents, corporate (1)

$

706

 

 

$

141

 

Cash and cash equivalents, non-corporate

86

 

 

64

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

792

 

 

205

 

Restricted cash

407

 

 

201

 

Corporate Revolving Facility availability (2)

1,394

 

 

966

 

CDHI revolving facility availability (3)

45

 

 

49

 

Other facilities availability (4)

4

 

 

7

 

Total current liquidity availability (5)

$

2,642

 

 

$

1,428

 

____________

(1)

Our ability to use corporate cash and cash equivalents is unrestricted.

(2)

Our ability to use availability under our Corporate Revolving Facility is unrestricted. On April 5, 2019, we amended our Corporate Revolving Facility to increase the capacity by approximately $330 million from $1.69 billion to approximately $2.02 billion. On August 12, 2019, we amended our Corporate Revolving Facility to extend the maturity of $150 million in revolving commitments from June 27, 2020 to March 8, 2023, and to reduce the commitments outstanding by $20 million to approximately $2.0 billion. The entire Corporate Revolving Facility now matures on March 8, 2023.

(3)

Our CDHI revolving facility is restricted to support certain obligations under PPAs and power transmission and natural gas transportation agreements as well as fund the construction of our Washington Parish Energy Center. Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the CDHI credit agreement, the capacity under the CDHI revolving facility was reduced to $125 million on June 28, 2019. The decrease in capacity did not have a material effect on our liquidity as alternative sources of liquidity are available.

(4)

We have three unsecured letter of credit facilities with two third-party financial institutions totaling approximately $300 million at September 30, 2019.

(5)

Includes $125 million and $52 million of margin deposits posted with us by our counterparties at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

Liquidity was approximately $2.6 billion as of September 30, 2019. Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash increased by $793 million during the first nine months of 2019, largely due to cash provided by operating activities and the proceeds from the sale of our Garrison and RockGen Energy Centers, partially offset by the payment of a dividend to our parent and capital expenditures on construction and growth projects.

Table 3: Cash Flow Activities (in millions)

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

2019

 

2018

Beginning cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

406

 

 

$

443

 

Net cash provided by (used in):

 

 

 

Operating activities

1,431

 

 

873

 

Investing activities

(137

)

 

(313

)

Financing activities

(501

)

 

(240

)

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

793

 

 

320

 

Ending cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

1,199

 

 

$

763

 

Cash provided by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $1,431 million compared to $873 million in the prior year period. The period-over-period increase was primarily due to higher income from operations, adjusted for non-cash items, that resulted largely from an increase in Commodity Margin, as previously discussed, and from a decrease in operating and maintenance expense, general and other administrative expense, and other operating expenses driven primarily by merger-related costs incurred in the first quarter of 2018 that did not recur in the current year period. In addition, Cash provided by operating activities also increased as a result of a decrease in working capital employed resulting from a period-over-period net decrease in margin posting requirements as well as a change in environmental products balances.

Cash used in investing activities was $137 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to $313 million in the prior year period. The decrease primarily related to the receipt of proceeds from the sale of our Garrison and RockGen Energy Centers during the third quarter of 2019 partially offset by an increase in capitalized maintenance activity in the first nine months of 2019.

Cash used in financing activities was $501 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, primarily related to the payment of a dividend to our parent, CPN Management, LP, as well as the net repayment of debt.

Portfolio Management

On July 10, 2019, we, through our indirect, wholly owned subsidiaries Calpine Holdings, LLC and Calpine Northbrook Project Holdings, LLC, completed the sale of 100% of our ownership interests in Garrison Energy Center LLC (“Garrison”) and RockGen Energy LLC (“RockGen”) to Cobalt Power, L.L.C. for approximately $360 million, subject to certain immaterial working capital adjustments and the execution of financial commodity contracts. Upon closing, we recognized a liability of $52 million for the fair value of the financial commodity contracts on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet, and the related proceeds are reflected within the financing section on our Consolidated Condensed Statement of Cash Flows. Garrison owns the Garrison Energy Center, a 309 MW natural gas-fired, combined-cycle power plant located in Dover, Delaware, and RockGen owns the RockGen Energy Center, a 503 MW natural gas-fired, simple-cycle power plant located in Christiana, Wisconsin. We recorded an immaterial gain on the sale during the third quarter of 2019 and an impairment loss of $55 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, to adjust the carrying value of the assets to reflect fair value less cost to sell.

Capital Allocation

On July 18, 2019, our board of directors approved a special cash dividend of $400 million to be paid to our parent, CPN Management, LP, which was funded with the proceeds from the sale of the Garrison and RockGen Energy Centers, along with cash on hand, and was paid on July 18, 2019.

Balance Sheet Management

During the first nine months of 2019, we repurchased $48 million in aggregate principal amount of our Senior Unsecured Notes for $44 million. In connection with the repurchases, we recorded approximately $4 million in gain on extinguishment of debt. Since the fourth quarter of 2018, we have cumulatively repurchased $438 million in aggregate principal amount of our Senior Unsecured Notes for $399 million.

On August 12, 2019, we entered into a $750 million first lien senior secured term loan (“2026 First Lien Term Loan”), which bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.50% per annum (with a 0% LIBOR floor) and matures on August 12, 2026. An aggregate amount equal to 0.25% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2026 First Lien Term Loan is payable at the end of each quarter with the remaining balance payable on the maturity date. We paid an upfront fee of an amount equal to 0.5% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2026 First Lien Term Loan, which is structured as original issue discount, and recorded approximately $11 million in debt issuance costs during the third quarter of 2019 related to the issuance of our 2026 First Lien Term Loan. The 2026 First Lien Term Loan contains substantially similar covenants, qualifications, exceptions and limitations as our First Lien Term Loans and First Lien Notes. We used the proceeds from our 2026 First Lien Term Loan, together with cash on hand, to repay the remaining 2023 First Lien Term Loans with a maturity date in May 2023 and to repay project debt. We recorded approximately $12 million in loss on extinguishment of debt during the third quarter of 2019 associated with the repayment.

On August 12, 2019, we amended our Corporate Revolving Facility to extend the maturity of $150 million in revolving commitments from June 27, 2020 to March 8, 2023, and to reduce the commitments outstanding by $20 million to approximately $2.0 billion. The entire Corporate Revolving Facility now matures on March 8, 2023.

PG&E Bankruptcy

On January 29, 2019, PG&E and PG&E Corporation each filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11. We currently have several power plants that provide energy and energy-related products to PG&E under PPAs, many of which have PG&E collateral posting requirements. Since the bankruptcy filing, we have received all material payments under the PPAs, either directly or through the application of collateral. We also currently have numerous other agreements with PG&E related to the operation of our power plants in Northern California, under which PG&E has continued to provide service since its bankruptcy filing. We cannot predict the ultimate outcome of this matter and continue to monitor the bankruptcy proceedings.

ABOUT CALPINE

Calpine Corporation is America’s largest generator of electricity from natural gas and geothermal resources with operations in competitive power markets. Our fleet of 78 power plants in operation or under construction represents nearly 26,000 megawatts of generation capacity. Through wholesale power operations and our retail businesses Calpine Energy Solutions and Champion Energy, we serve customers in 23 states, Canada and Mexico. Our clean, efficient, modern and flexible fleet uses advanced technologies to generate power in a low-carbon and environmentally responsible manner. We are uniquely positioned to benefit from the secular trends affecting our industry, including the abundant and affordable supply of clean natural gas, environmental regulation, aging power generation infrastructure and the increasing need for dispatchable power plants to successfully integrate intermittent renewables into the grid. Please visit www.calpine.com to learn more about how Calpine is creating power for a sustainable future.

Calpine’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and will be available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

In addition to historical information, this release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this release. We use words such as “believe,” “intend,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “estimate,” “potential,” “project” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements include, among others, those concerning our expected financial performance and strategic and operational plans, as well as all assumptions, expectations, predictions, intentions or beliefs about future events. We believe that the forward-looking statements are based upon reasonable assumptions and expectations. However, you are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that a number of risks and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:

Given the risks and uncertainties surrounding forward-looking statements, you should not place undue reliance on these statements. Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this release. Other than as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

 

CALPINE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

 

(in millions)

Operating revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commodity revenue

$

2,710

 

 

$

2,845

 

 

$

7,376

 

 

$

7,362

 

Mark-to-market gain (loss)

78

 

 

40

 

 

601

 

 

(220

)

Other revenue

4

 

 

5

 

 

13

 

 

16

 

Operating revenues

2,792

 

 

2,890

 

 

7,990

 

 

7,158

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuel and purchased energy expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commodity expense

1,620

 

 

1,912

 

 

4,745

 

 

5,128

 

Mark-to-market (gain) loss

11

 

 

(66

)

 

301

 

 

(143

)

Fuel and purchased energy expense

1,631

 

 

1,846

 

 

5,046

 

 

4,985

 

Operating and maintenance expense

255

 

 

248

 

 

739

 

 

765

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

173

 

 

179

 

 

522

 

 

566

 

General and other administrative expense

39

 

 

31

 

 

105

 

 

122

 

Other operating expenses

15

 

 

23

 

 

53

 

 

79

 

Total operating expenses

2,113

 

 

2,327

 

 

6,465

 

 

6,517

 

Impairment losses

 

 

 

 

55

 

 

 

(Income) from unconsolidated subsidiaries

(3

)

 

(5

)

 

(14

)

 

(16

)

Income from operations

682

 

 

568

 

 

1,484

 

 

657

 

Interest expense

153

 

 

158

 

 

459

 

 

466

 

Loss on extinguishment of debt

12

 

 

1

 

 

11

 

 

1

 

Other (income) expense, net

5

 

 

3

 

 

33

 

 

72

 

Income before income taxes

512

 

 

406

 

 

981

 

 

118

 

Income tax expense

21

 

 

128

 

 

40

 

 

78

 

Net income

491

 

 

278

 

 

941

 

 

40

 

Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest

(6

)

 

(6

)

 

(15

)

 

(14

)

Net income attributable to Calpine

$

485

 

 

$

272

 

 

$

926

 

 

$

26

 

CALPINE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

 

September 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

(in millions, except share and per share amounts)

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

792

 

 

$

205

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $9 and $9

 

882

 

 

1,022

 

Inventories

 

571

 

 

525

 

Margin deposits and other prepaid expense

 

301

 

 

315

 

Restricted cash, current

 

345

 

 

167

 

Derivative assets, current

 

144

 

 

142

 

Current assets held for sale

 

6

 

 

 

Other current assets

 

47

 

 

43

 

Total current assets

 

3,088

 

 

2,419

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

12,002

 

 

12,442

 

Restricted cash, net of current portion

 

62

 

 

34

 

Investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries

 

73

 

 

76

 

Long-term derivative assets

 

243

 

 

160

 

Goodwill

 

242

 

 

242

 

Intangible assets, net

 

359

 

 

412

 

Other assets

 

449

 

 

277

 

Total assets

 

$

16,518

 

 

$

16,062

 

LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

748

 

 

$

958

 

Accrued interest payable

 

120

 

 

96

 

Debt, current portion

 

229

 

 

637

 

Derivative liabilities, current

 

198

 

 

303

 

Other current liabilities

 

629

 

 

489

 

Total current liabilities

 

1,924

 

 

2,483

 

Debt, net of current portion

 

10,413

 

 

10,148

 

Long-term derivative liabilities

 

84

 

 

140

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

556

 

 

235

 

Total liabilities

 

12,977

 

 

13,006

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

Stockholder’s equity:

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value per share; authorized 5,000 shares, 105.2 shares issued and outstanding

 

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

9,584

 

 

9,582

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(6,017

)

 

(6,542

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(131

)

 

(77

)

Total Calpine stockholder’s equity

 

3,436

 

 

2,963

 

Noncontrolling interest

 

105

 

 

93

 

Total stockholder’s equity

 

3,541

 

 

3,056

 

Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity

 

$

16,518

 

 

$

16,062

 

CALPINE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

(in millions)

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

1,431

 

 

$

873

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

(435

)

 

(314

)

Proceeds from sale of power plants

 

303

 

 

10

 

Other

 

(5

)

 

(9

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(137

)

 

(313

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

Borrowings under First Lien Term Loans

 

1,687

 

 

 

Repayment of CCFC Term Loan and First Lien Term Loans

 

(1,496

)

 

(31

)

Repurchases of Senior Unsecured Notes

 

(44

)

 

 

Borrowings under revolving facilities

 

280

 

 

525

 

Repayments of revolving facilities

 

(250

)

 

(525

)

Repayments of project financing, notes payable and other

 

(311

)

 

(89

)

Distribution to noncontrolling interest holder

 

 

 

(6

)

Financing costs

 

(20

)

 

(12

)

Stock repurchases

 

 

 

(79

)

Shares repurchased for tax withholding on stock-based awards

 

 

 

(7

)

Dividends paid (1)

 

(401

)

 

(20

)

Other

 

54

 

 

4

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(501

)

 

(240

)

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

793

 

 

320

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

406

 

 

443

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period (2)

 

$

1,199

 

 

$

763

 

Cash paid during the period for:

 

 

 

 

Interest, net of amounts capitalized

 

$

402

 

 

$

401

 

Income taxes

 

$

8

 

 

$

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

Change in capital expenditures included in accounts payable

 

$

6

 

 

$

(12

)

Plant tax settlement offset in prepaid assets

 

$

(4

)

 

$

 

Asset retirement obligation adjustment offset in operating activities

 

$

(10

)

 

$

 

____________

(1)

On March 8, 2018, we completed a merger with an affiliate of Energy Capital Partners and a consortium of other investors. Dividends paid during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, includes approximately $1 million and $20 million, respectively, in certain merger-related costs incurred by CPN Management, LP, our parent.

(2)

Our cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, current, and restricted cash, net of current portion, are stated as separate line items on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets.

 

REGULATION G RECONCILIATIONS

In addition to disclosing financial results in accordance with U.S. GAAP, the accompanying third quarter 2019 earnings release contains non-GAAP financial measures. Commodity Margin, Adjusted Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow are non-GAAP financial measures that we use as measures of our performance and liquidity. These non-GAAP measures should be viewed as a supplement to and not a substitute for our U.S. GAAP measures of performance and liquidity, and the financial results calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP and reconciliations from these results should be carefully evaluated.

Commodity Margin includes revenues recognized on our wholesale and retail power sales activity, electric capacity sales, renewable energy credit sales, steam sales, realized settlements associated with our marketing, hedging, optimization and trading activity less costs from our fuel and purchased energy expenses, commodity transmission and transportation expenses, environmental compliance expenses and ancillary retail expense. We believe that Commodity Margin is a useful tool for assessing the performance of our core operations and is a key operational measure of profit reviewed by our chief operating decision maker. Commodity Margin is not a measure calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP and should be viewed as a supplement to and not a substitute for our results of operations presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Commodity Margin does not intend to represent income (loss) from operations, the most comparable U.S. GAAP measure, as an indicator of operating performance and is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Adjusted Free Cash Flow represents cash flows from operating activities including the effects of capitalized maintenance expenditures, adjustments to reflect the Adjusted Free Cash Flow from unconsolidated investments and to exclude the noncontrolling interest and other miscellaneous adjustments such as the effect of changes in working capital. Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow is calculated on the same basis as Adjusted Free Cash Flow but excludes the effect of cash interest, net, and operating lease payments, thus capturing the performance of our business independent of its capital structure. Adjusted Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow are presented because we believe they are useful measures of liquidity to assist in comparing financial results from period to period on a consistent basis and to readily view operating trends, as measures for planning and forecasting overall expectations and for evaluating actual results against such expectations and in communications with our board of directors, owners, creditors, analysts and investors concerning our financial results. Adjusted Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow are liquidity measures and are not intended to represent cash flows from operations, the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measure, and are not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow Reconciliation

In the following table, we have reconciled our cash flows from operating activities to our Adjusted Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (in millions).

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

912

 

 

$

817

 

 

$

1,431

 

 

$

873

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital maintenance expenditures (1)

 

(74

)

 

(42

)

 

(278

)

 

(236

)

Tax differences

 

3

 

 

104

 

 

(1

)

 

8

 

Adjustments to reflect Adjusted Free Cash Flow from unconsolidated investments and exclude the non-controlling interest

 

(8

)

 

(6

)

 

(14

)

 

(4

)

Capitalized corporate interest

 

(2

)

 

(7

)

 

(10

)

 

(21

)

Changes in working capital

 

(271

)

 

(411

)

 

(105

)

 

14

 

Amortization of acquired derivative contracts

 

14

 

 

17

 

 

22

 

 

24

 

Other (2)

 

40

 

 

37

 

 

36

 

 

91

 

Adjusted Free Cash Flow

 

$

614

 

 

$

509

 

 

$

1,081

 

 

$

749

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash interest, net (3)

 

147

 

 

161

 

 

447

 

 

480

 

Operating lease payments

 

6

 

 

6

 

 

18

 

 

19

 

Adjusted Unlevered Free Cash Flow

 

$

767

 

 

$

676

 

 

$

1,546

 

 

$

1,248

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

$

178

 

 

$

(79

)

 

$

(137

)

 

$

(313

)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

$

(450

)

 

$

(309

)

 

$

(501

)

 

$

(240

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major maintenance expense and capital maintenance expenditures (4)

 

$

100

 

 

$

65

 

 

$

368

 

 

$

321

 

Cash taxes

 

$

1

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

8

 

 

$

1

 

Other

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

1

 

___________

(1)

Capital maintenance expenditures exclude major construction and development projects.

(2)

Other primarily represents miscellaneous items excluded from Adjusted Free Cash Flow that are included in cash flow from operations.

(3)

Includes commitment, letter of credit and other bank fees from both consolidated and unconsolidated investments, net of capitalized interest and interest income.

(4)

Includes $26 million and $23 million in major maintenance expense for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $74 million and $42 million in capital maintenance expenditures for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Includes $90 million and $85 million in major maintenance expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $278 million and $236 million in capital maintenance expenditures for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Commodity Margin Reconciliation

The following tables reconcile income (loss) from operations to Commodity Margin for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (in millions):

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidation

 

 

 

 

Wholesale

 

 

 

and

 

 

 

 

West

 

Texas

 

East

 

Retail

 

Elimination

 

Total

Income from operations

 

$

341

 

 

$

129

 

 

$

63

 

 

$

149

 

 

$

 

 

$

682

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating and maintenance expense

 

82

 

 

71

 

 

69

 

 

41

 

 

(8

)

 

255

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

61

 

 

47

 

 

51

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

173

 

General and other administrative expense

 

10

 

 

13

 

 

12

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

39

 

Other operating expenses

 

9

 

 

2

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

 

(Income) from unconsolidated subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

Less: Mark-to-market commodity activity, net and other (1)

 

110

 

 

(107

)

 

(69

)

 

108

 

 

(8

)

 

34

 

Commodity Margin

 

$

393

 

 

$

369

 

 

$

265

 

 

$

100

 

 

$

 

 

$

1,127

 

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidation

 

 

 

 

Wholesale

 

 

 

and

 

 

 

 

West

 

Texas

 

East

 

Retail

 

Elimination

 

Total

Income from operations

 

$

170

 

 

$

189

 

 

$

172

 

 

$

37

 

 

$

 

 

$

568

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating and maintenance expense

 

85

 

 

63

 

 

72

 

 

36

 

 

(8

)

 

248

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

70

 

 

57

 

 

39

 

 

13

 

 

 

 

179

 

General and other administrative expense

 

7

 

 

12

 

 

7

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

31

 

Other operating expenses

 

11

 

 

3

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

 

(Income) from unconsolidated subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

(5

)

 

 

 

 

 

(5

)

Less: Mark-to-market commodity activity, net and other (1)

 

(13

)

 

137

 

 

(26

)

 

(20

)

 

(8

)

 

70

 

Commodity Margin

 

$

356

 

 

$

187

 

 

$

320

 

 

$

111

 

 

$

 

 

$

974

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidation

 

 

 

 

Wholesale

 

 

 

and

 

 

 

 

West

 

Texas

 

East

 

Retail

 

Elimination

 

Total

Income (loss) from operations

 

$

644

 

 

$

488

 

 

$

359

 

 

$

(7

)

 

$

 

 

$

1,484

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating and maintenance expense

 

247

 

 

202

 

 

208

 

 

108

 

 

(26

)

 

739

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

194

 

 

146

 

 

142

 

 

40

 

 

 

 

522

 

General and other administrative expense

 

22

 

 

40

 

 

31

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

105

 

Other operating expenses

 

25

 

 

5

 

 

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

53

 

Impairment losses

 

 

 

 

 

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

55

 

(Income) from unconsolidated subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

(15

)

 

1

 

 

 

 

(14

)

Less: Mark-to-market commodity activity, net and other (2)

 

224

 

 

177

 

 

38

 

 

(127

)

 

(26

)

 

286

 

Commodity Margin

 

$

908

 

 

$

704

 

 

$

765

 

 

$

281

 

 

$

 

 

$

2,658

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidation

 

 

 

 

Wholesale

 

 

 

and

 

 

 

 

West

 

Texas

 

East

 

Retail

 

Elimination

 

Total

Income (loss) from operations

 

$

239

 

 

$

(75

)

 

$

358

 

 

$

135

 

 

$

 

 

$

657

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating and maintenance expense

 

255

 

 

208

 

 

208

 

 

117

 

 

(23

)

 

765

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

204

 

 

190

 

 

133

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

566

 

General and other administrative expense

 

28

 

 

50

 

 

30

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

122

 

Other operating expenses

 

33

 

 

22

 

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

79

 

(Income) from unconsolidated subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

(17

)

 

1

 

 

 

 

(16

)

Less: Mark-to-market commodity activity, net and other (2)

 

(23

)

 

(109

)

 

7

 

 

41

 

 

(23

)

 

(107

)

Commodity Margin

 

$

782

 

 

$

504

 

 

$

729

 

 

$

265

 

 

$

 

 

$

2,280

 

__________

(1)

Includes $31 million and $30 million of lease levelization and $20 million and $26 million of amortization expense for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

(2)

Includes $(4) million and $(5) million of lease levelization and $59 million and $79 million of amortization expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

OPERATING PERFORMANCE METRICS

The table below shows the operating performance metrics for the periods presented:

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Total MWh generated (in thousands) (1)(2)

 

32,555

 

 

31,022

 

 

75,812

 

 

73,273

 

West

 

8,309

 

 

8,590

 

 

19,093

 

 

17,631

 

Texas

 

14,864

 

 

14,081

 

 

35,577

 

 

35,247

 

East

 

9,382

 

 

8,351

 

 

21,142

 

 

20,395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average availability (2)

 

96.8

%

 

95.5

%

 

88.3

%

 

88.0

%

West

 

98.3

%

 

97.5

%

 

88.3

%

 

87.8

%

Texas

 

95.2

%

 

95.7

%

 

86.2

%

 

89.0

%

East

 

97.1

%

 

93.7

%

 

90.5

%

 

87.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average capacity factor, excluding peakers

 

63.8

%

 

61.5

%

 

50.4

%

 

48.9

%

West

 

54.1

%

 

55.1

%

 

41.9

%

 

38.1

%

Texas

 

76.0

%

 

72.1

%

 

61.3

%

 

60.8

%

East

 

57.9

%

 

53.1

%

 

44.8

%

 

44.4

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steam adjusted heat rate (Btu/kWh) (2)

 

7,358

 

 

7,379

 

 

7,328

 

 

7,366

 

West

 

7,372

 

 

7,384

 

 

7,382

 

 

7,366

 

Texas

 

7,187

 

 

7,186

 

 

7,142

 

 

7,147

 

East

 

7,639

 

 

7,710

 

 

7,615

 

 

7,752

 

__________

(1)

Excludes generation from unconsolidated power plants and power plants owned but not operated by us.

(2)

Generation, average availability and steam adjusted heat rate exclude power plants and units that are inactive.

 

View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20191108005596/en/

CONTACT: Media Relations:

Brett Kerr

713-830-8809

brett.kerr@calpine.comInvestor Relations:

Bryan Kimzey

713-830-8777

bryan.kimzey@calpine.com

KEYWORD: TEXAS UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA

INDUSTRY KEYWORD: ENERGY OTHER ENERGY UTILITIES OIL/GAS

SOURCE: Calpine Corporation

Copyright Business Wire 2019.

PUB: 11/08/2019 04:00 PM/DISC: 11/08/2019 04:00 PM

http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20191108005596/en