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Press release content from Globe Newswire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.
PRESS RELEASE: Paid content from Globe Newswire
Press release content from Globe Newswire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.

Par Pacific Holdings Reports Third Quarter 2021 Results

November 3, 2021 GMT

HOUSTON, Nov. 03, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Par Pacific Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: PARR) (“Par Pacific” or the “Company”) today reported its financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2021.

Third Quarter 2021 Highlights

  • Record Quarterly Net Income of $81.8 million, or $1.37 per diluted share
  • Adjusted Net Income of $45.1 million, or $0.76 per diluted share
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $84.7 million
  • Financial results include a $29.1 million RINs mark-to-market (MTM) benefit related to the 2019 and 2020 compliance years

Par Pacific reported net income of $81.8 million, or $1.37 per diluted share, for the quarter ended September 30, 2021, compared to a net loss of $14.3 million, or $(0.27) per diluted share, for the same quarter in 2020. Third quarter 2021 Adjusted Net Income was $45.1 million, compared to Adjusted Net Loss of $56.5 million in the third quarter of 2020. Third quarter 2021 Adjusted EBITDA was $84.7 million, compared to $(16.1) million in the third quarter of 2020. A reconciliation of reported non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures can be found in the tables accompanying this news release.

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“Strong operational execution during the ongoing global recovery enabled us to generate record net income for our investors in the third quarter,” said William Pate, President and Chief Executive Officer. “With the continued improvement in market conditions and debt repayment of nearly $150 million in 2021, we are looking forward to a very strong 2022.”

Refining

The Refining segment reported an operating income of $86.4 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to an operating loss of $5.1 million in the third quarter of 2020. Adjusted Gross Margin for the Refining segment was $120.0 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $16.3 million in the third quarter of 2020.

Refining Adjusted EBITDA was $64.5 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $(33.7) million in the third quarter of 2020. Third quarter 2021 Refining segment Adjusted EBITDA was impacted by a MTM benefit of $29.1 million related to favorable RINs prices.

Hawaii
The 3-1-2 Singapore Crack Spread was $6.20 per barrel in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $1.92 per barrel in the third quarter of 2020. Throughput in the third quarter of 2021 was 81 thousand barrels per day (Mbpd), compared to 51 Mbpd for the same quarter in 2020. Production costs were $4.28 per throughput barrel in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $5.80 per throughput barrel in the same period in 2020.

The Hawaii refinery’s Adjusted Gross Margin of $7.66 per barrel during the third quarter of 2021 reflects a RINs MTM benefit of approximately $16.7 million, or $2.24 per barrel.

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Washington
The Pacific Northwest 5-2-2-1 Index averaged $18.59 per barrel in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $9.39 per barrel in the third quarter of 2020. The Washington refinery’s throughput was 38 Mbpd in the third quarter of 2021, compared to 41 Mbpd in the third quarter of 2020. Production costs were $3.60 per throughput barrel in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $3.40 per throughput barrel in the same period in 2020.

The Washington refinery’s Adjusted Gross Margin of $4.97 per barrel during the third quarter of 2021 reflects a RINs MTM benefit of approximately $4.3 million, or $1.23 per barrel.

Wyoming
During the third quarter of 2021, the Wyoming 3-2-1 Index averaged $41.78 per barrel, compared to $19.63 per barrel in the third quarter of 2020. The Wyoming refinery’s throughput was 18 Mbpd in the third quarter of 2021, compared to 13 Mbpd in the third quarter of 2020. Production costs were $5.92 per throughput barrel in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $7.51 per throughput barrel in the same period in 2020.

The Wyoming refinery’s Adjusted Gross Margin of $27.40 per barrel during the third quarter of 2021 reflects a RINs MTM benefit of approximately $8.1 million, or $4.91 per barrel and a FIFO (first-in, first-out) benefit of approximately $0.8 million, or $0.48 per barrel.

Retail

The Retail segment reported operating income of $11.2 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to operating income of $12.1 million in the third quarter of 2020. Adjusted Gross Margin for the Retail segment was $32.5 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $31.0 million in the same quarter of 2020.

Retail Adjusted EBITDA was $13.8 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $14.9 million in the third quarter of 2020. The Retail segment reported sales volumes of 28.7 million gallons in the third quarter of 2021, compared to 25.9 million gallons in the same quarter of 2020.

Logistics

The Logistics segment reported operating income of $13.4 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $6.4 million in the third quarter of 2020. Adjusted Gross Margin for the Logistics segment was $22.7 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $15.3 million in the same quarter of 2020.

Logistics Adjusted EBITDA was $18.9 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $11.9 million in the third quarter of 2020.

Laramie Energy

Due to the discontinuation of the equity method of accounting as of June 30, 2020, we recorded no equity earnings (losses) from Laramie in the third quarter of 2021. Laramie’s total net loss was $41.9 million in the third quarter of 2021, including unrealized losses on derivatives of $54.9 million. These results compare to a net loss of $12.6 million in the third quarter of 2020. Laramie’s total Adjusted EBITDAX was $26.2 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $8.1 million in the third quarter of 2020.

Laramie’s total net loss was $1.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to a net loss of $26.4 million during the same period of 2020. Laramie’s total Adjusted EBITDAX was $95.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to $25.4 million during the same period of 2020.

Liquidity

Net cash provided by operations totaled $52.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to net cash used in operations of $7.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020. Net cash used in investing activities totaled $6.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to net cash used in investing activities of $12.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020. Net cash used in financing activities totaled $17.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $4.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

At September 30, 2021, Par Pacific’s cash balance totaled $201.3 million, long-term debt totaled $566.8 million, and total liquidity was $276.8 million. Net debt was $381.7 million at September 30, 2021.

Conference Call Information

A conference call is scheduled for Thursday, November 4, 2021 at 9:00 a.m. Central Time (10:00 a.m. Eastern Time). To access the call, please dial 1-833-974-2377 inside the U.S. or 1-412-317-5782 outside of the U.S. and ask for the Par Pacific call. Please dial in at least 10 minutes early to register. The webcast may be accessed online through the Company’s website at http://www.parpacific.com on the Investors page. A telephone replay will be available until November 18, 2021 and may be accessed by calling 1-877-344-7529 inside the U.S. or 1-412-317-0088 outside the U.S. and using the conference ID 10160861.

About Par Pacific

Par Pacific Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: PARR), headquartered in Houston, Texas, owns and operates market-leading energy, infrastructure, and retail businesses. Par Pacific’s strategy is to acquire and develop businesses in logistically complex markets. Par Pacific owns and operates one of the largest energy networks in Hawaii with 94,000 bpd of operating refining capacity, a logistics system supplying the major islands of the state and 90 retail locations. In the Pacific Northwest and the Rockies, Par Pacific owns and operates 60,000 bpd of combined refining capacity, related multimodal logistics systems, and 30 retail locations. Par Pacific also owns 46% of Laramie Energy, LLC, a natural gas production company with operations and assets concentrated in Western Colorado. More information is available at www.parpacific.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This news release (and oral statements regarding the subject matter of this news release, including those made on the conference call and webcast announced herein) includes certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are intended to qualify for the “safe harbor” from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements about: expected market conditions; expected refinery throughput; anticipated cost savings; anticipated capital expenditures, including major maintenance costs, and their effect on our financial and operating results, including earnings per share and free cash flow; anticipated retail sales volumes and on-island sales; the anticipated financial and operational results of Laramie Energy, LLC; the amount of our discounted net cash flows and the impact of our NOL carryforwards thereon; our ability to identify, acquire and operate energy, related retailing and infrastructure companies with attractive competitive positions; the timing and expected results of certain development projects, as well as the impact of such investments on our product mix and on-island sales; and other risks and uncertainties detailed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and any other documents that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Additionally, forward looking statements are subject to certain risks, trends, and uncertainties, such as changes to our financial condition and liquidity; the volatility of crude oil and refined product prices; operating disruptions at our refineries resulting from unplanned maintenance events or natural disasters; environmental risks; and risks of political or regulatory changes. We cannot provide assurances that the assumptions upon which these forward-looking statements are based will prove to have been correct. Should one of these risks materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements, and investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which are current only as of this date. Additionally, significant uncertainties remain with respect to COVID-19 and its economic effects. Due to the unpredictable and unprecedented nature of the COVID-19 pandemic, we cannot identify all potential risks to, and impacts on, our business, including the ultimate adverse economic impact to our results of operations, financial position and liquidity. There can be no guarantee that the operational and financial measures we have taken, and may take in the future, will be fully effective. We do not intend to update or revise any forward-looking statements made herein or any other forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. We further expressly disclaim any written or oral statements made by a third party regarding the subject matter of this news release.

Contact:
Ashimi Patel
Senior Manager, Investor Relations
(832) 916-3355
apatel@parpacific.com

 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)
    
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2021 2020 2021 2020
Revenues$1,310,368  $689,981  $3,416,573  $2,409,365 
Operating expenses       
Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation)1,098,422  585,289  3,184,583  2,236,778 
Operating expense (excluding depreciation)78,059  69,458  221,068  209,876 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization23,618  22,821  70,046  66,232 
Impairment expense      67,922 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net2    (64,400)  
General and administrative expense (excluding depreciation)12,473  9,818  36,559  31,823 
Acquisition and integration costs1  (155) 87  600 
Total operating expenses1,212,575  687,231  3,447,943  2,613,231 
Operating income (loss)97,793  2,750  (31,370) (203,866)
Other income (expense)       
Interest expense and financing costs, net(15,374) (17,523) (50,711) (52,611)
Debt extinguishment and commitment costs(9)   (8,144)  
Gain on curtailment of pension obligation    2,032   
Other income (expense), net(22) 610  3  1,089 
Change in value of common stock warrants      4,270 
Equity losses from Laramie Energy, LLC      (46,905)
Total other income (expense), net(15,405) (16,913) (56,820) (94,157)
Income (loss) before income taxes82,388  (14,163) (88,190) (298,023)
Income tax benefit (expense)(586) (108) (1,193) 20,855 
Net income (loss)$81,802  $(14,271) $(89,383) $(277,168)
Weighted-average shares outstanding       
Basic59,437  53,374  57,713  53,265 
Diluted59,761  53,374  57,713  53,265 
        
Income (loss) per share       
Basic$1.38  $(0.27) $(1.55) $(5.20)
Diluted$1.37  $(0.27) $(1.55) $(5.20)
                
 
Balance Sheet Data
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
    
 September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
Balance Sheet Data   
Cash and cash equivalents$201,305  $68,309 
Working capital (1)(434,136) (250,587)
Debt, including current portion566,784  708,593 
Total stockholders’ equity253,502  246,274 

________________________________________
(1) Working capital is calculated as (i) total current assets excluding cash and cash equivalents less (ii) total current liabilities excluding current portion of long-term debt. Total current assets include inventories stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value.

Operating Statistics

The following table summarizes key operational data:

  Three Months Ended
September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2021 2020 2021 2020
Total Refining Segment       
Feedstocks throughput (Mbpd)137.3  105.0   135.1  124.0  
Refined product sales volume (Mbpd)144.9  125.0   140.5  141.2  
        
Hawaii Refineries       
Combined Feedstocks throughput (Mbpd)81.0  51.2   82.0  70.9  
Par East throughput (Mbpd)81.0  51.2   82.0  62.5  
Par West throughput (Mbpd)       8.4  
        
Yield (% of total throughput)       
Gasoline and gasoline blendstocks23.3% 23.1 % 24.2% 23.6 %
Distillates45.9% 31.0 % 45.3% 41.1 %
Fuel oils24.9% 41.0 % 26.0% 29.6 %
Other products3.4% (0.7)% 1.5% 1.3 %
Total yield97.5% 94.4 % 97.0% 95.6 %
        
Refined product sales volume (Mbpd)       
On-island sales volume86.7  67.6   83.9  85.3  
Export sales volume  2.5     0.8  
Total refined product sales volume86.7  70.1   83.9  86.1  
        
Adjusted Gross Margin per bbl ($/throughput bbl) (1)$7.66  $(0.47)  $2.52  $(2.17) 
Production costs per bbl ($/throughput bbl) (2)4.28  5.80   3.89  4.30  
DD&A per bbl ($/throughput bbl)0.67  0.64   0.67  0.45  
        
Washington Refinery       
Feedstocks throughput (Mbpd)38.4  40.5   36.3  39.1  
        
Yield (% of total throughput)       
Gasoline and gasoline blendstocks22.8% 22.6 % 23.6% 23.3 %
Distillate33.0% 34.6 % 34.3% 35.3 %
Asphalt22.5% 19.4 % 20.9% 19.0 %
Other products18.7% 20.7 % 18.4% 19.6 %
Total yield97.0% 97.3 % 97.2% 97.2 %
        
Refined product sales volume (Mbpd)40.7  42.0   40.3  40.9  
        
Adjusted Gross Margin per bbl ($/throughput bbl) (1)$4.97  $2.16   $1.37  $5.36  
Production costs per bbl ($/throughput bbl) (2)3.60  3.40   3.70  3.51  
DD&A per bbl ($/throughput bbl)1.48  1.29   1.56  1.40  
        
        
        
        
  Three Months Ended
September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2021 2020 2021 2020
Wyoming Refinery       
Feedstocks throughput (Mbpd)17.9  13.3   16.8  14.0  
        
Yield (% of total throughput)       
Gasoline and gasoline blendstocks46.5% 48.2 % 46.9% 48.5 %
Distillate46.2% 46.2 % 46.0% 46.1 %
Fuel oils2.3% 1.9 % 2.1% 1.9 %
Other products2.1% 1.6 % 2.0% 1.4 %
Total yield97.1% 97.9 % 97.0% 97.9 %
        
Refined product sales volume (Mbpd)17.5  12.9   16.3  14.2  
        
Adjusted Gross Margin per bbl ($/throughput bbl) (1)$27.40  $8.53   $14.17  $4.35  
Production costs per bbl ($/throughput bbl) (2)5.92  7.51   6.49  7.22  
DD&A per bbl ($/throughput bbl)2.77  4.65   2.83  4.03  
        
Market Indices ($ per barrel)       
3-1-2 Singapore Crack Spread (3)$6.20  $1.92   $4.80  $3.29  
Pacific Northwest 5-2-2-1 Index (4)18.59  9.39   15.39  11.51  
Wyoming 3-2-1 Index (5)41.78  19.63   31.01  17.63  
        
Crude Oil Prices ($ per barrel)       
Brent$73.23  $43.34   $67.92  $42.52  
WTI70.52  40.92   64.99  38.31  
ANS73.83  43.11   68.35  41.19  
Bakken Clearbrook70.77  39.44   64.84  35.59  
WCS Hardisty57.54  30.93   52.39  25.78  
Brent M1-M31.36  (0.79)  1.05  (1.17) 
        
Retail Segment       
Retail sales volumes (thousands of gallons)28,746  25,936   82,418  76,964  

________________________________________
(1) We calculate Adjusted Gross Margin per barrel by dividing Adjusted Gross Margin by total refining throughput. Adjusted Gross Margin for our Washington refinery is determined under the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) inventory costing method. Adjusted Gross Margin for our other refineries is determined under the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) inventory costing method. Please see discussion of Adjusted Gross Margin below.

(2) Management uses production costs per barrel to evaluate performance and compare efficiency to other companies in the industry. There are a variety of ways to calculate production costs per barrel; different companies within the industry calculate it in different ways. We calculate production costs per barrel by dividing all direct production costs, which include the costs to run the refineries including personnel costs, repair and maintenance costs, insurance, utilities, and other miscellaneous costs, by total refining throughput. Our production costs are included in Operating expense (excluding depreciation) on our condensed consolidated statement of operations, which also includes costs related to our bulk marketing operations.

(3) We believe the 3-1-2 Singapore Crack Spread (or three barrels of Brent crude oil converted into one barrel of gasoline and two barrels of distillates (diesel and jet fuel)) is the most representative market indicator of our current operations in Hawaii.

(4) We believe the Pacific Northwest 5-2-2-1 Index is the most representative market indicator for our operations in Tacoma, Washington. The Pacific Northwest 5-2-2-1 Index is computed by taking two parts gasoline (sub-octane), two parts middle distillates (ultra-low sulfur diesel (“ULSD”) and jet fuel), and one part fuel oil as created from five barrels of Alaskan North Slope (“ANS”) crude oil.

(5) The profitability of our Wyoming refinery is heavily influenced by crack spreads in nearby markets. We believe the Wyoming 3-2-1 Index is the most representative market indicator for our operations in Wyoming. The Wyoming 3-2-1 Index is computed by taking two parts gasoline and one part distillates (ULSD) as created from three barrels of West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil (“WTI”). Pricing is based 50% on applicable product pricing in Rapid City, South Dakota, and 50% on applicable product pricing in Denver, Colorado.

Non-GAAP Performance Measures

Management uses certain financial measures to evaluate our operating performance that are considered non-GAAP financial measures. These measures should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP and our calculations thereof may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Adjusted Gross Margin

Adjusted Gross Margin is defined as (i) operating income (loss) adjusted for operating expense (excluding depreciation); depreciation, depletion, and amortization (“DD&A”); impairment expense; loss (gain) on sale of assets; inventory valuation adjustment (which adjusts for timing differences to reflect the economics of our inventory financing agreements, including lower of cost or net realizable value adjustments, the impact of the embedded derivative repurchase or terminal obligations, contango (gains) and backwardation losses associated with our Washington inventory and intermediation obligation, and purchase price allocation adjustments); LIFO layer liquidation impacts associated with our Washington inventory; Renewable Identification Numbers (“RINs”) loss (gain) in excess of net obligation (which represents the income statement effect of reflecting our RINs liability on a net basis); and unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives or (ii) revenues less cost of revenues (excluding depreciation) plus inventory valuation adjustment, unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives, LIFO layer liquidation impacts associated with our Washington inventory, and RINs loss (gain) in excess of net obligation. We define cost of revenues (excluding depreciation) as the hydrocarbon-related costs of inventory sold, transportation costs of delivering product to customers, crude oil consumed in the refining process, costs to satisfy our RINs and environmental credit obligations, and certain hydrocarbon fees and taxes. Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation) also includes the unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives and the inventory valuation adjustment that we exclude from Adjusted Gross Margin.

Management believes Adjusted Gross Margin is an important measure of operating performance and uses Adjusted Gross Margin per barrel to evaluate operating performance and compare profitability to other companies in the industry and to industry benchmarks. Management believes Adjusted Gross Margin provides useful information to investors because it eliminates the gross impact of volatile commodity prices and adjusts for certain non-cash items and timing differences created by our inventory financing agreements and lower of cost and net realizable value adjustments to demonstrate the earnings potential of the business before other fixed and variable costs, which are reported separately in Operating expense (excluding depreciation) and Depreciation, depletion, and amortization.

Adjusted Gross Margin should not be considered an alternative to operating income (loss), cash flows from operating activities, or any other measure of financial performance or liquidity presented in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted Gross Margin presented by other companies may not be comparable to our presentation since each company may define this term differently as they may include other manufacturing costs and depreciation expense in cost of revenues.

The following tables present a reconciliation of Adjusted Gross Margin to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, operating income (loss), on a historical basis, for selected segments, for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three months ended September 30, 2021Refining Logistics Retail
Operating income (loss)$86,413  $13,357  $11,201 
Operating expense (excluding depreciation)55,613  3,754  18,692 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization14,748  5,545  2,630 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net  2   
Inventory valuation adjustment(727)    
LIFO liquidation adjustment(4,151)    
RINs loss (gain) in excess of net obligation(42,103)    
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives10,228     
Adjusted Gross Margin (1)$120,021  $22,658  $32,523 
Three months ended September 30, 2020Refining Logistics Retail
Operating income (loss)$(5,106) $6,434  $12,060 
Operating expense (excluding depreciation)49,972  3,364  16,122 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization13,509  5,513  2,829 
Inventory valuation adjustment(43,980)    
LIFO liquidation adjustment6,211     
RINs loss in excess of net obligation645     
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives(4,952)    
Adjusted Gross Margin (1) (2)$16,299  $15,311  $31,011 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021Refining Logistics Retail
Operating income (loss)$(103,571) $37,976  $73,207 
Operating expense (excluding depreciation)156,895  11,144  53,029 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization43,373  16,176  8,164 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net(19,595) (19) (44,786)
Inventory valuation adjustment38,732     
RINs loss in excess of net obligation11,874     
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives7,620     
Adjusted Gross Margin (1) (3)$135,328  $65,277  $89,614 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020Refining Logistics Retail
Operating income (loss)$(210,433) $31,513  $10,131 
Operating expense (excluding depreciation)151,601  9,882  48,393 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization39,209  16,082  8,292 
Impairment expense38,105    29,817 
Inventory valuation adjustment(4,635)    
LIFO liquidation adjustment6,211     
RINs loss in excess of net obligation17,985     
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives(4,507)    
Adjusted Gross Margin (2)$33,536  $57,477  $96,633 

________________________________________
(1) There was no impairment expense recorded in Operating income (loss) by segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and the three months ended September 30, 2020.

(2) There was no loss (gain) on sale of assets for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

(3) There was no LIFO liquidation adjustment for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. 

Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted Net Income (Loss) is defined as Net income (loss) excluding inventory valuation adjustment (which adjusts for timing differences to reflect the economics of our inventory financing agreements, including lower of cost or net realizable value adjustments, the impact of the embedded derivative repurchase or terminal obligations, contango (gains) and backwardation losses associated with our Washington inventory and intermediation obligation, and purchase price allocation adjustments), the LIFO layer liquidation impacts associated with our Washington inventory, RINs loss (gain) in excess of net obligation, unrealized (gain) loss on derivatives, acquisition and integration costs, debt extinguishment and commitment costs, increase in (release of) tax valuation allowance and other deferred tax items, changes in the value of contingent consideration and common stock warrants, severance costs, (gain) loss on sale of assets, impairment expense, impairment expense associated with our investment in Laramie Energy and our share of Laramie Energy’s asset impairment losses in excess of our basis difference, and Par’s share of Laramie Energy’s unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives.

Adjusted EBITDA is Adjusted Net Income (Loss) excluding DD&A, interest expense and financing costs, equity losses (earnings) from Laramie Energy excluding Par’s share of unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives, impairment of Par’s investment, and our share of Laramie Energy’s asset impairment losses in excess of our basis difference, and income tax expense (benefit).

We believe Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA are useful supplemental financial measures that allow investors to assess:

  • The financial performance of our assets without regard to financing methods, capital structure, or historical cost basis;
  • The ability of our assets to generate cash to pay interest on our indebtedness; and
  • Our operating performance and return on invested capital as compared to other companies without regard to financing methods and capital structure.

Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for operating income (loss), net income (loss), cash flows provided by operating, investing, and financing activities, or other income or cash flow statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA presented by other companies may not be comparable to our presentation as other companies may define these terms differently.

The following table presents a reconciliation of Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, net income (loss), on a historical basis for the periods indicated (in thousands):        

  Three Months Ended
September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2021 2020 2021 2020
Net income (loss)$81,802  $(14,271) $(89,383) $(277,168)
Inventory valuation adjustment(727) (43,980) 38,732  (4,635)
LIFO liquidation adjustment(4,151) 6,211    6,211 
RINs loss (gain) in excess of net obligation(42,103) 645  11,874  17,985 
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives10,228  (4,952) 7,620  (4,507)
Acquisition and integration costs1  (155) 87  600 
Debt extinguishment and commitment costs9    8,144   
Changes in valuation allowance and other deferred tax items (1)      (21,087)
Change in value of common stock warrants      (4,270)
Severance costs59    75  245 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net2    (64,400)  
Impairment expense      67,922 
Impairment of Investment in Laramie Energy, LLC (2)      45,294 
Par’s share of Laramie Energy’s unrealized gain on derivatives (2)      (1,110)
Adjusted Net Income (Loss) (3)45,120  (56,502) (87,251) (174,520)
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization23,618  22,821  70,046  66,232 
Interest expense and financing costs, net15,374  17,523  50,711  52,611 
Equity losses from Laramie Energy, LLC, excluding Par’s share of unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives and impairment losses      2,721 
Income tax expense586  108  1,193  232 
Adjusted EBITDA$84,698  $(16,050) $34,699  $(52,724)

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(1) Includes increases in (releases of) our valuation allowance associated with business combinations and changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities that are not offset by a change in the valuation allowance. These tax expenses (benefits) are included in Income tax benefit (expense) on our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

(2) Included in Equity losses from Laramie Energy, LLC on our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

(3) For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, there was no change in value of contingent consideration.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):

  Three Months Ended
September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2021 2020 2021 2020
Adjusted Net Income (Loss)$45,120  $(56,502) $(87,251) $(174,520)
Undistributed Adjusted Net Income allocated to participating securities       
Adjusted Net Income (Loss) attributable to common stockholders45,120  (56,502) (87,251) (174,520)
Plus: effect of convertible securities       
Numerator for diluted income (loss) per common share$45,120  $(56,502) $(87,251) $(174,520)
        
Basic weighted-average common stock shares outstanding59,437  53,374  57,713  53,265 
Add dilutive effects of common stock equivalents (1)324       
Diluted weighted-average common stock shares outstanding59,761  53,374  57,713  53,265 
        
Basic Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per common share$0.76  $(1.06) $(1.51) $(3.28)
Diluted Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per common share$0.76  $(1.06) $(1.51) $(3.28)

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(1) Entities with a net loss from continuing operations are prohibited from including potential common shares in the computation of diluted per share amounts. We have utilized the basic shares outstanding to calculate both basic and diluted Adjusted Net Income (Loss) per common share for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. 

Adjusted EBITDA by Segment

Adjusted EBITDA by segment is defined as Operating income (loss) by segment excluding depreciation, depletion, and amortization expense, inventory valuation adjustment (which adjusts for timing differences to reflect the economics of our inventory financing agreements, including lower of cost or net realizable value adjustments, the impact of the embedded derivative repurchase or terminal obligations, contango (gains) and backwardation losses associated with our Washington inventory and intermediation obligation, and purchase price allocation adjustments), the LIFO layer liquidation impacts associated with our Washington inventory, RINs loss (gain) in excess of net obligation, unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives, acquisition and integration costs, severance costs, loss (gain) on sale of assets, and impairment expense. Adjusted EBITDA by segment also includes Gain on curtailment of pension obligation and Other income (expense), net, which are presented below operating income (loss) on our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

We believe Adjusted EBITDA by segment is a useful supplemental financial measure to evaluate the economic performance of our segments without regard to financing methods, capital structure, or historical cost basis. The following table presents a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA by segment to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, operating income (loss) by segment, on a historical basis, for selected segments, for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
 Refining Logistics Retail  Corporate
and Other
Operating income (loss) by segment$86,413  $13,357  $11,201  $(13,178)
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization14,748  5,545  2,630  695 
Inventory valuation adjustment(727)      
LIFO liquidation adjustment(4,151)      
RINs loss (gain) in excess of net obligation(42,103)      
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives10,228       
Acquisition and integration costs      1 
Severance costs53  6     
Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net  2     
Other income (expense), net      (22)
Adjusted EBITDA (1)$64,461  $18,910  $13,831  $(12,504)
 Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
 Refining Logistics Retail  Corporate
and Other
Operating income (loss) by segment$(5,106) $6,434  $12,060  $(10,638)
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization13,509  5,513  2,829  970 
Inventory valuation adjustment(43,980)      
LIFO liquidation adjustment6,211       
RINs loss (gain) in excess of net obligation645       
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives(4,952)      
Acquisition and integration costs      (155)
Other income (expense), net      610 
Adjusted EBITDA (2)$(33,673) $11,947  $14,889  $(9,213)
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
 Refining Logistics Retail  Corporate
and Other
Operating income (loss) by segment$(103,571) $37,976  $73,207  $(38,982)
Depreciation, depletion and amortization43,373  16,176  8,164  2,333 
Inventory valuation adjustment38,732       
RINs loss (gain) in excess of net obligation11,874       
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives7,620       
Acquisition and integration costs      87 
Severance costs53  22     
Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net(19,595) (19) (44,786)  
Gain on curtailment of pension obligation1,802  228  2   
Other income (expense), net      3 
Adjusted EBITDA (3)$(19,712) $54,383  $36,587  $(36,559)
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
 Refining Logistics Retail  Corporate
and Other
Operating income (loss) by segment$(210,433) $31,513  $10,131  $(35,077)
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization39,209  16,082  8,292  2,649 
Inventory valuation adjustment(4,635)      
LIFO liquidation adjustment6,211       
RINs loss (gain) in excess of net obligation17,985       
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives(4,507)      
Acquisition and integration costs      600 
Severance costs88      157 
Impairment expense38,105    29,817   
Other income (expense), net      1,089 
Adjusted EBITDA (4)$(117,977) $47,595  $48,240  $(30,582)

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(1) For the three months ended September 30, 2021, there was no impairment expense recorded in Operating income (loss) by segment or gain on curtailment of pension obligation.

(2) For the three months ended September 30, 2020, there was no severance cost, loss (gain) on sale of assets, or impairment expense recorded in Operating income (loss) by segment or gain on curtailment of pension obligation.

(3) For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, there was no impairment expense or LIFO liquidation adjustment recorded in Operating income (loss) by segment.

(4) For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, there was no loss (gain) on sale of assets recorded in Operating income (loss) by segment or gain on curtailment of pension obligation.

Laramie Energy Adjusted EBITDAX

Adjusted EBITDAX is defined as net income (loss) excluding commodity derivative loss (gain), loss (gain) on settled derivative instruments, interest expense, gain on extinguishment of debt, non-cash preferred dividend, depreciation, depletion, amortization, and accretion, exploration and geological and geographical expense, bonus accrual, equity-based compensation expense, loss (gain) on disposal of assets, and expired acreage (non-cash). We believe Adjusted EBITDAX is a useful supplemental financial measure to evaluate the economic and operational performance of exploration and production companies such as Laramie Energy.

The following table presents a reconciliation of Laramie Energy’s Adjusted EBITDAX to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, net income (loss) for the periods indicated (in thousands):

  Three Months Ended
September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2021 2020 2021 2020
Net income (loss)(41,892) $(12,643) $(1,308) $(26,418)
Commodity derivative loss (gain)56,535  4,775  57,885  2,866 
Gain (loss) on settled derivative instruments(1,679) 1,143  (2,846) 4,777 
Interest expense and loan fees5,225  2,373  12,428  6,884 
Gain on extinguishment of debt(695)   (695)  
Non-cash preferred dividend1,715  1,740  5,457  5,009 
Depreciation, depletion, amortization, and accretion6,548  9,722  23,045  30,379 
Exploration and geological and geographical expense  26  342  218 
Bonus accrual  714  602  998 
Equity-based compensation expense      16 
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets33  52  (6) 233 
Expired acreage (non-cash)387  237  725  400 
Total Adjusted EBITDAX$26,177  $8,139  $95,629  $25,362