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Press release content from Globe Newswire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.
PRESS RELEASE: Paid content from Globe Newswire
Press release content from Globe Newswire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.

Ranger Oil Reports Third Quarter 2021 Results

November 3, 2021 GMT

--- Generates Eighth Consecutive Quarter of Free Cash Flow ---
--- Anticipates Continued Growth in Cash Flow with Low Leverage ---

HOUSTON, Nov. 03, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Ranger Oil Corporation (“Ranger” or the “Company”) (Nasdaq: ROCC) today announced its financial and operational results for the third quarter 2021.

Recent Significant Highlights

The operational and financial results below do not include the Lonestar Resources US Inc. (“Lonestar”) acquisition which closed October 5, 2021, unless otherwise noted.

  • Rebranded the Company as Ranger Oil Corporation;
  • Ranger’s Board Member Tiffany (“TJ”) Thom Cepak Named to Savoy Magazine’s 2021 List of “Most Influential Black Corporate Directors”;
  • Sold 20,429 barrels of oil per day (“bbl/d”) for the third quarter of 2021, slightly exceeding the mid-point of guidance. Total sales volumes for the third quarter of 2021 were 25,483 barrels of oil equivalent per day (“boe/d”);
  • Generated significant free cash flow(1) for the eighth consecutive quarter, lowering net debt(2) by approximately $29 million to $305 million as of September 30, 2021;
  • Generated net income of $43 million for the third quarter of 2021; and
  • Reported adjusted EBITDAX(3) of over $88 million for the third quarter of 2021.

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“The last several months have marked an incredible period of positive transformation,” said Darrin Henke, President and Chief Executive Officer of Ranger. “I’m so proud of the many accomplishments we’ve made - closing our Lonestar acquisition, strengthening our balance sheet with our unsecured notes offering, outperforming the midpoint of our guidance for both production and capital, and generating our eighth consecutive quarter of free cash flow(1). To mark the success of our strategic transformation, we rebranded the Company to Ranger Oil Corporation. I want to thank the entire Ranger team for their continued hard work and dedication, without which this transformation would not have been possible. We are also proud of TJ’s accomplishment of being named to Savoy Magazine’s 2021 List of Most Influential Black Corporate Directors. TJ is a valued and key member of our Board, and we thank her for her continued commitment and dedication to Ranger.”

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Mr. Henke continued, “While we celebrate our successes, we never stop pursuing continuous improvement. Turning to the fourth quarter, we are focused on engineering our next phase of operational and financial outperformance. First, we are executing on previously identified G&A and operating synergies in connection with the Lonestar acquisition. We continue to expect more than $20 million of annual synergies, with significant incremental development synergies through the drilling of longer lateral wells, increased wells per pad, and shared facilities and infrastructure. In anticipation of these larger, more capital-efficient pads, we are diligently working with our midstream partners to invest in field infrastructure. The plan calls for field compression upgrades and optimization of other infrastructure as we prepare for this next phase of development. We expect this plan to result in consistent production for the fourth quarter relative to this quarter for our legacy Ranger assets; however, the recent closing of the Lonestar acquisition grows our overall production base by approximately 50% on a barrel of oil equivalent basis. Our investments in field infrastructure combined with our continued two-rig drilling program provide momentum for a highly capital efficient 2022, with mid to high single-digit production growth year-over-year.”

Mr. Henke added, “With our focus on capital discipline and operational efficiencies, combined with current commodity prices, we expect the Company’s free cash flow(1) profile to significantly accelerate in 2022, producing well in excess of $200 million for the calendar year. Our growing EBITDAX and strong free cash flow generation are expected to result in a leverage(4) ratio of 1.0x or less in the first half of next year. As we approach this goal, we continue to review all potential options for accretive uses of our free cash flow for the benefit of our shareholders while maintaining our strong balance sheet. Lastly, we continue to see a significant opportunity for us to be the basin consolidator of choice. As in the past, our strategy will remain squarely focused on long-term shareholder accretion, rigorous capital discipline, balance sheet strength, strong cash-on-cash returns, and a commitment to operating in an environmentally and socially responsible manner.”

Third Quarter 2021 Operating Results

Total sales volumes for the third quarter of 2021 were 2.3 million barrels of oil equivalent, or 25,483 boe/d (80% crude oil). During the third quarter of 2021, the Company completed and turned in line 10 gross (9.2 net) wells.

Third Quarter 2021 Financial Results 

Operating expenses were $65.8 million, or $28.06 per barrel of oil equivalent (“boe”), in the third quarter of 2021 including $13.21 per boe of depreciation, depletion and amortization expenses. Total cash direct operating expenses(5), which consist of lease operating expenses (“LOE”), gathering, processing, and transportation (“GPT”) expenses, production and ad valorem taxes, and cash general and administrative (“G&A”) expenses, were $33.8 million, or $14.43 per boe, in the third quarter of 2021.  Total G&A expenses for the third quarter of 2021 were $4.66 per boe, which includes $2.7 million of non-recurring transaction costs and $1.0 million of non-cash share-based compensation.  For the third quarter of 2021, adjusted cash G&A expenses(6), which exclude non-cash share-based compensation and non-recurring transaction costs, were $3.11 per boe, and LOE was $4.54 per boe.

Net income for the third quarter of 2021 was $43.1 million, and net income attributable to common shareholders was $17.4 million, or $1.11 per share and per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $243.4 million, or $16.03 loss per share, in the third quarter of 2020.  Adjusted net income(7) was $44.1 million, or $1.15 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2021 versus $17.3 million, or $1.14 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2020.

Adjusted EBITDAX(3) was $88.1 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $63.7 million in the third quarter of 2020, up primarily due to higher production and higher crude oil prices.

Balance Sheet and Liquidity

As of October 29, 2021, Ranger had long-term debt of $662.9 million (net debt of $603.7 million), which is comprised of $400 million of senior unsecured notes and $203.7 million under its revolving credit facility, net of cash. The Company has a borrowing base of $600 million with elected commitments of $400 million. Ranger’s liquidity under its revolving credit facility was $195.9 million as of October 29, 2021.

Acreage

As of October 5, 2021, the Company (including the Lonestar acquisition) had approximately 174,600 gross (142,600 net) acres.  Approximately 93% of Ranger’s acreage is held by production.

Q4 2021 Outlook

The table below sets forth the Company’s operational and financial guidance for the fourth quarter 2021:

  4Q 2021  
Reported Oil Sales Volumes (bbl/d) 25,700 – 27,700  
     
Realized Price Differentials    
Oil (WTI, per bbl) $(3.00) - $(2.00)  
Natural gas (Henry Hub, per MMBtu) $(0.10) - $0.10  
     
Direct Operating Expenses    
Lease operating expenses (per boe) $4.75 - $4.95  
GPT expenses (per boe) $2.55 - $2.85  
Ad valorem and production taxes (percent of product revenue) 6.3% - 6.8%  
Adjusted cash G&A expenses (per boe)(6) $2.85 - $3.15  
     
Capital Expenditures (millions)    
Drilling & Completion $65 - $75  
Land, Facilities and other $1  

Note: As a result of the Lonestar transaction closing on October 5, 2021, financial and operational data for Lonestar for the first four days of the fourth quarter will not be included in Ranger’s fourth quarter results and are not reflected in the above guidance. Preliminary estimates for production associated with the Lonestar assets for the first four days of October reduced production by approximately 600 boe/d, which includes 300 bbl/d for the quarter.

Ranger remains committed to maintaining capital and operational discipline; thus, the Company currently anticipates maintaining a two-rig program. The Company believes a two-rig program in 2022 can achieve results approximating a 2.5 rig development scenario given the significant operational efficiencies in both drilling and completion techniques, extended lateral length across the combined acreage position, higher working interest acreage, and increased wells per pad.

Third Quarter 2021 Conference Call

A conference call and webcast discussing the third quarter 2021 financial and operational results is scheduled for Thursday, November 4, 2021 at 10 a.m. ET. Prepared remarks will be followed by a question and answer period. Investors and analysts may participate via phone by dialing (844) 707-6931 (international: (412) 317-9248) five to 10 minutes before the scheduled start time, or via webcast by logging on to the Company’s website, www.Rangeroil.com, at least 15 minutes prior to the scheduled start time to download supporting materials and install any necessary audio software.

An on-demand replay of the webcast will be available on the Company’s website beginning shortly after the webcast. The replay will also be available from November 4, 2021, through November 11, 2021, by dialing (877) 344-7529 (international (412) 317-0088) and entering the passcode 10161219.

About Ranger Oil Corporation

Ranger Oil (formerly known as Penn Virginia Corporation) is a pure-play independent oil and gas company engaged in the development and production of oil, NGLs, and natural gas, with operations in the Eagle Ford shale in South Texas. For more information, please visit our website at www.Rangeroil.com.

Cautionary Statements Regarding Guidance

The estimates and guidance presented in this release are based on assumptions of current and future capital expenditure levels, prices for oil, NGLs, and natural gas, and NGLs, available liquidity, indications of supply and demand for oil, well results, and operating costs. The guidance provided in this release does not constitute any form of guarantee or assurance that the matters indicated will be achieved. While we believe these estimates and the assumptions on which they are based are reasonable as of the date on which they are made, they are inherently uncertain and are subject to, among other things, significant business, economic, operational, and regulatory risks, and uncertainties, some of which are not known as of the date of the statement. Guidance and estimates, and the assumptions on which they are based, are subject to material revision. Actual results may differ materially from estimates and guidance. Please read the “Forward-Looking Statements” section below, as well as “Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K and our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, which are incorporated herein.

Forward-Looking Statements 

This communication contains certain “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Statements that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements, and such statements include, words such as “anticipate,” “guidance,” “assumptions,” “projects,” “forward,” “estimates,” “outlook,” “expects,” “continues,”, “project”, “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “future,” “potential,” “may,” “foresee,” “possible,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “focus” and variations of such words or similar expressions, including the negative thereof, to identify forward-looking statements. Because such statements include assumptions, risks, uncertainties, and contingencies, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These risks, uncertainties and contingencies include, but are not limited to, the following: the risk that the benefits of the acquisition of Lonestar may not be fully realized or may take longer to realize than expected, and that management attention will be diverted to transaction-related issues; the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including reduced demand for oil and natural gas, economic slowdown, governmental actions, stay-at-home orders, interruptions to our operations or our customer’s operations; risks related to and the impact of actual or anticipated other world health events; our ability to satisfy our short-term and long-term liquidity needs, including our ability to generate sufficient cash flows from operations or to obtain adequate financing; our ability to maintain our relationships with our suppliers, service providers, customers, employees, and other third parties; our ability to develop, explore for, acquire and replace oil and gas reserves and sustain production; our ability to generate profits or achieve targeted reserves in our development and exploratory drilling and well operations; the projected demand for and supply of oil, NGLs and natural gas; our ability to contract for drilling rigs, frac crews, materials, supplies and services at reasonable costs; our ability to renew or replace expiring contracts on acceptable terms; our ability to obtain adequate pipeline transportation capacity or other transportation for our oil and gas production at reasonable cost and to sell our production at, or at reasonable discounts to, market prices; and other risks set forth in our filings with the SEC, including our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Additional Information concerning these and other factors can be found in our press releases and public filings with the SEC. Many of the factors that will determine our future results are beyond the ability of management to control or predict. In addition, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s views only as of the date hereof. The statements in this communication speak only as of the date of the communication. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, or to make any other forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required by applicable law.

Footnotes

1)   Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

2)   Net debt is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

3)   Adjusted EBITDAX is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

4)   Leverage ratio is defined as Net Debt to LTM Adjusted EBITDAX. Net Debt and Adjusted EBITDAX are non-GAAP measures defined and reconciled at the end of this release.

5)   Total cash direct operating expenses is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

6)   Adjusted cash G&A expense is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

7)   Adjusted net income is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

RANGER OIL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
and SELECTED OPERATING STATISTICS - unaudited
(in thousands, except per share, production and price data)

  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, June 30, September 30, September 30,
  2021 2021 2020 2021 2020
Revenues and other          
Crude oil $127,995  $116,314  $63,227  $326,222  $190,732 
Natural gas liquids (NGLs) 7,165  4,388  2,824  15,115  6,295 
Natural gas 4,973  3,087  2,563  10,893  7,273 
Total product revenues 140,133  123,789  68,614  352,230  204,300 
Other operating income, net 928  910  797  2,085  1,972 
Total revenues and other 141,061  124,699  69,411  354,315  206,272 
Operating expenses          
Lease operating 10,647  9,728  8,275  29,200  27,901 
Gathering, processing and transportation 5,688  5,173  5,760  15,535  16,797 
Production and ad valorem taxes 7,534  6,721  4,368  19,768  13,152 
General and administrative 10,932  6,985  8,585  31,094  23,801 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 30,975  28,795  37,038  83,654  114,891 
Impairments of oil and gas properties     235,989  1,811  271,498 
Total operating expenses 65,776  57,402  300,015  181,062  468,040 
Operating income (loss) 75,285  67,297  (230,604) 173,253  (261,768)
Other income (expense)          
Interest expense, net (10,582) (5,303) (7,497) (21,282) (24,213)
Loss on extinguishment of debt       (1,231)  
Derivatives (21,084) (54,227) (6,891) (119,679) 109,879 
Other, net (7)   21  (13) (42)
Income (loss) before income taxes 43,612  7,767  (244,971) 31,048  (176,144)
Income tax (expense) benefit (549) (171) 1,558  (410) 1,110 
Net income (loss) 43,063  7,596  (243,413) 30,638  (175,034)
Net income attributable to Noncontrolling interest (25,676) (4,551)   (23,778)  
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders $17,387  $3,045  $(243,413) $6,860  $(175,034)
           
Net income (loss) per share:          
Basic $1.13  $0.20  $(16.03) $0.45  $(11.54)
Diluted $1.11  $0.20  $(16.03) $0.44  $(11.54)
           
Weighted average shares outstanding:          
Basic 15,319  15,311  15,183  15,298  15,168 
Diluted 15,713  38,372  15,183  15,669  15,168 
  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, June 30, September 30, September 30,
  2021 2021 2020 2021 2020
Sales Volumes          
Crude oil (Mbbls) 1,879 1,831 1,691 5,179 5,291
NGLs (Mbbls) 263 240 307 713 917
Natural gas (MMcf) 1,211 1,143 1,421 3,367 4,206
Total (Mboe) 2,344 2,261 2,235 6,453 6,909
Average sales volumes (boe/d) 25,483 24,844 24,295 23,638 25,214
           
Realized Prices          
Crude oil ($/bbl) $68.10 $63.54 $37.39 $62.99 $36.05
NGLs ($/bbl) $27.24 $18.31 $9.20 $21.21 $6.86
Natural gas ($/Mcf) $4.11 $2.70 $1.80 $3.23 $1.73
Aggregate ($/boe) $59.77 $54.75 $30.70 $54.58 $29.57
           
Realized Prices, including effects of derivatives, net 1          
Crude oil ($/bbl) $57.15 $52.70 $48.28 $52.08 $51.05
NGLs ($/bbl) $25.77 $17.87 $9.20 $20.52 $6.86
Natural gas ($/Mcf) $3.44 $2.71 $1.88 $3.01 $1.86
Aggregate ($/boe) $50.49 $45.93 $38.99 $45.63 $41.14

1 Realized prices, including effects of derivatives, net are non-GAAP measures. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures appear at the end of this release.

Reconciliation of GAAP “Realized prices” to Non-GAAP “Realized prices, including effects of derivatives, net”
We present our realized prices for crude oil, NGLS and natural gas, as adjusted for the effects of derivatives, net as we believe these measures are useful to management and stakeholders in determining the effectiveness of our price-risk management program that is designed to reduce the volatility associated with our operations. Realized prices for crude oil, NGLs and natural gas, as adjusted for the effects of derivatives, net, are supplemental financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). The following table presents the calculation of our non-GAAP realized prices for crude oil, NGLs and natural gas, as adjusted for the effects of derivatives, net and reconciles to realized prices for crude oil and natural gas determined in accordance with GAAP:

  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, June 30, September 30, September 30,
  2021 2021 2020 2021 2020
           
Realized crude oil prices ($/bbl) $68.10  $63.54  $37.39 $62.99  $36.05
Effects of derivatives ($/bbl) (10.95) (10.84) 10.89 (10.91) 15.00
Crude oil realized prices, including effects of derivatives, net ($/bbl) $57.15  $52.70  $48.28 $52.08  $51.05
           
Realized natural gas liquid prices ($/bbl) $27.24  $18.31  $9.20 $21.21  $6.86
Effects of derivatives ($/bbl) (1.47) (0.44)  (0.69) $
Natural gas liquid realized prices, including effects of derivatives, net ($/bbl) $25.77  $17.87  $9.20 $20.52  $6.86
           
Realized natural gas prices ($/Mcf) $4.11  $2.70  $1.80 $3.23  $1.73
Effects of derivatives ($/Mcf) (0.67) 0.01  0.08 (0.22) 0.13
Natural gas realized prices, including effects of derivatives, net ($/Mcf) $3.44  $2.71  $1.88 $3.01  $1.86
           
Aggregate realized prices ($/boe) $59.77  $54.75  $30.70 $54.58  $29.57
Effects of derivatives ($/boe) (9.28) (8.82) 8.29 (8.95) 11.57
Aggregate realized prices, including effects of derivatives, net ($/boe) $50.49  $45.93  $38.99 $45.63  $41.14

Effects of derivatives includes, as applicable to the period presented: (i) current period commodity derivative settlements; (ii) the impact of option premiums paid or received in prior periods related to current period production; (iii) the impact of prior period cash settlements of early-terminated derivatives originally designated to settle against current period production; (iv) the exclusion of option premiums paid or received in current period related to future period production; and (v) the exclusion of the impact of current period cash settlements for early-terminated derivatives originally designated to settle against future period production.

RANGER OIL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET INFORMATION - unaudited
(in thousands)

  September 30, December 31,
  2021 2020
Assets    
Current assets 1 $151,911  $153,420 
Net property and equipment 864,878  723,549 
Restricted cash - non-current 1 396,072   
Other noncurrent assets 6,456  30,357 
Total assets $1,419,317  $907,326 
     
Liabilities and equity    
Current liabilities 222,919  148,195 
Other noncurrent liabilities 30,480  36,796 
Credit Facility 212,900  314,400 
Second Lien Facility, net 131,633  195,097 
9.25% Senior Notes due 2026, net 2 394,795   
Total long-term debt, net 739,328  509,497 
Equity    
Common shareholders’ equity 173,189  212,838 
Noncontrolling interest 253,401   
Total equity 426,590  212,838 
Total liabilities and equity $1,419,317  $907,326 

1 Includes restricted cash - current of $15.4 million related to accrued interest and the discount on the 9.25% Senior Notes. Restricted cash - non-current represents $396.1 million for the 9.25% Senior Notes, net of discount.
2 Net proceeds for the 9.25% Senior Notes are held in escrow and, therefore, classified within restricted cash accounts. As of October 5, 2021, these were released from escrow upon closing of the Lonestar acquisition to repay $249.8 million of Lonestar’s long-term debt and accrued interest and related expenses, and the remainder, along with cash on hand, of $146.2 million was used to repay the Second Lien Facility in full, a prepayment premium accrued interest and related expenses.

RANGER OIL CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS - unaudited
(in thousands)

  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, June 30, September 30, September 30,
  2021 2021 2020 2021 2020
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net income (loss) $43,063  $7,596  $(243,413) $30,638  $(175,034)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Loss on extinguishment of debt       1,231   
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 30,975  28,795  37,038  83,654  114,891 
Impairments of oil and gas properties     235,989  1,811  271,498 
Derivative contracts:          
Net (gains) losses 21,084  54,227  6,891  119,679  (109,879)
Cash settlements and premiums received (paid), net (22,238) (16,634) 6,418  (46,041) 65,295 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit) 379  61  (1,565) 130  (31)
Gain on sales of assets, net (3)     (7) (14)
Non-cash interest expense 563  568  799  1,742  3,336 
Share-based compensation 971  962  775  4,179  2,582 
Other, net 7  7  9  20  23 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net 6,572  14,918  17,887  7,048  17,056 
Net cash provided by operating activities 81,373  90,500  60,828  204,084  189,723 
Cash flows from investing activities          
Capital expenditures (50,932) (60,948) (26,183) (146,638) (139,010)
Proceeds from sales of assets, net 4  149    157  83 
Net cash used in investing activities (50,928) (60,799) (26,183) (146,481) (138,927)
Cash flows from financing activities          
Proceeds from credit facility borrowings   20,000  5,000  20,000  51,000 
Repayment of credit facility borrowings (26,000) (10,000) (40,000) (121,500) (89,000)
Repayment of second lien facility (1,875) (1,875)   (56,890)  
Proceeds from 9.25% Senior Notes, net of discount 396,072      396,072   
Proceeds from redeemable common units       151,160   
Proceeds from redeemable preferred stock       2   
Transaction costs paid on behalf of Noncontrolling interest       (5,543)  
Issue costs paid for Noncontrolling interest securities       (3,758)  
Debt issuance costs paid (1,567)   (6) (3,397) (78)
Other, net     (1,068)    
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 366,630  8,125  (36,074) 376,146  (38,078)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 397,075  37,826  (1,429) 433,749  12,718 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - beginning of period 49,694  11,868  21,945  13,020  7,798 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - end of period $446,769  $49,694  $20,516  $446,769  $20,516 

RANGER OIL CORPORATION
CERTAIN NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES - unaudited

Readers are reminded that non-GAAP measures are merely a supplement to, and not a replacement for, or superior to financial measures prepared according to GAAP. They should be evaluated in conjunction with the GAAP financial measures. It should be noted as well that our non-GAAP information may be different from the non-GAAP information provided by other companies.

Reconciliation of GAAP “Net income (loss)” to Non-GAAP “Adjusted net income”

Adjusted net income is a non-GAAP financial measure that represents net income (loss) adjusted to include net realized settlements of derivatives and exclude the effects, net of income taxes, of non-cash changes in the fair value of derivatives, impairments of oil and gas properties, net gains and losses on the sales of assets, loss on extinguishment of debt, strategic transaction costs, organizational restructuring, including severance and income tax effect of adjustments. We believe that non-GAAP adjusted net income and non-GAAP adjusted net income per share amounts provide meaningful supplemental information regarding our operational performance. This information facilitates management’s internal comparisons to the Company’s historical operating results as well as to the operating results of our competitors. Since management finds this measure to be useful, the Company believes that our investors can benefit by evaluating both non-GAAP and GAAP results. Adjusted net income is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as a measure of liquidity or as an alternative to net income (loss).

  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, June 30, September 30, September 30,
  2021 2021 2020 2021 2020
  (in thousands, except per share amounts)
Net income (loss) $43,063  $7,596  $(243,413) $30,638  $(175,034)
Adjustments for derivatives:          
Net losses (gains) 21,084  54,227  6,891  119,679  (109,879)
Realized settlements, net 1 (22,740) (20,900) 17,623  (60,622) 78,607 
Impairments of oil and gas properties     235,989  1,811  271,498 
Gain on sales of assets, net (3)     (7) (14)
Loss on extinguishment of debt       1,231   
Acquisition/integration, divestiture and strategic transaction costs 2,680    525  7,335  525 
Organizational restructuring, including severance     1,372  239  1,372 
Income tax effect of adjustments (13) (735) (1,669) (933) (1,526)
Adjusted net income $44,071  $40,188  $17,318  $99,371  $65,549 
Net income (loss), per diluted share $1.11  $0.20  $(16.03) $0.44  $(11.54)
Adjusted net income, per diluted share 2 $1.15  $1.05  $1.14  $2.60  $4.32 

1 Realized settlements, net includes, as applicable to the period presented: (i) current period commodity and interest rate derivative settlements; (ii) the impact of option premiums paid or received in prior periods related to current period production; (iii) the impact of prior period cash settlements of early-terminated derivatives originally designated to settle against current period production; (iv) the exclusion of option premiums paid or received in current period related to future period production; and (v) the exclusion of the impact of current period cash settlements for early-terminated derivatives originally designated to settle against future period production.

2 Adjusted net income per diluted share is calculated based on diluted shares of 38.3 million (assumes the exchange of Series A Preferred stock and 22.5 million Common units held by Juniper for common shares), 38.4 million (assumes the exchange of Series A Preferred stock and 22.5 million Common units held by Juniper for common shares) and 15.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021, June 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively, and 38.2 million (assumes the exchange of Series A Preferred stock and 22.5 million Common units held by Juniper for common shares) and 15.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Reconciliation of GAAP “Net income (loss)” to Non-GAAP “Adjusted EBITDAX”

Adjusted EBITDAX represents net income (loss) before loss on extinguishment of debt, interest expense, income taxes, impairments of oil and gas properties, depreciation, depletion and amortization expense and share-based compensation expense, further adjusted to include the net commodity realized settlements of derivatives and exclude the effects of gains and losses on sales of assets, non-cash changes in the fair value of derivatives, and special items including acquisition, divestiture and strategic transaction costs, and organizational restructuring, including severance. We believe this presentation is commonly used by investors and professional research analysts for the valuation, comparison, rating, investment recommendations of companies within the oil and gas exploration and production industry. We use this information for comparative purposes within our industry. Adjusted EBITDAX is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as a measure of liquidity or as an alternative to net income (loss). Adjusted EBITDAX as defined by Ranger Oil may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and should be considered in conjunction with net income (loss) and other measures prepared in accordance with GAAP, such as operating income or cash flows from operating activities. Adjusted EBITDAX should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for an analysis of Ranger Oil’s results as reported under GAAP.

  Three Months Ended
  September 30, June 30, September 30,
  2021 2021 2020
  (in thousands, except per unit amounts)
Net income (loss) $43,063   $7,596   $(243,413) 
Adjustments to reconcile to Adjusted EBITDAX:      
Interest expense, net 10,582   5,303   7,497  
Income tax (benefit) expense 549   171   (1,558) 
Impairments of oil and gas properties       235,989  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 30,975   28,795   37,038  
Share-based compensation expense 971   962   775  
Gain on sales of assets, net (3)       
Adjustments for derivatives:      
Net losses (gains) 21,084   54,227   6,891  
Realized commodity settlements, net 1 (21,768)  (19,944)  18,542  
Adjustment for special items:      
Acquisition/integration, divestiture and strategic transaction costs 2,680      525  
Organizational restructuring, including severance       1,372  
Adjusted EBITDAX $88,133   $77,110   $63,658  
Net income (loss) per boe $18.37   $3.36   $(108.90) 
Adjusted EBITDAX per boe $37.59   $34.11   $28.48  

1 Realized commodity settlements, net includes, as applicable to the period presented: (i) current period commodity derivative settlements; (ii) the impact of option premiums paid or received in prior periods related to current period production; (iii) the impact of prior period cash settlements of early-terminated derivatives originally designated to settle against current period production; (iv) the exclusion of option premiums paid or received in current period related to future period production; and (v) the exclusion of the impact of current period cash settlements for early-terminated derivatives originally designated to settle against future period production.

Reconciliation of GAAP “Operating expenses” to Non-GAAP “Adjusted direct operating expenses and Adjusted direct operating expenses per boe”

Adjusted direct operating expenses and adjusted direct operating expenses per boe are supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that exclude certain non-recurring expenses and non-cash expenses. We believe that the non-GAAP measure of Adjusted total direct operating expense per boe is useful to investors because it provides readers with a meaningful measure of our cost profile and provides for greater comparability period-over-period.

  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, June 30, September 30, September 30,
  2021 2021 2020 2021 2020
  (in thousands, except per unit amounts)
Operating expenses - GAAP $65,776  $57,402  $300,015  $181,062  $468,040 
Less:          
Share-based compensation (971) (962) (775) (4,179) (2,582)
Impairment of oil and gas properties     (235,989) (1,811) (271,498)
Depreciation, depletion and amortization (30,975) (28,795) (37,038) (83,654) (114,891)
Total cash direct operating expenses 33,830  27,645  26,213  91,418  79,069 
Significant special charges:          
Acquisition/integration, divestiture and strategic transaction costs (2,680)   (525) (7,335) (525)
Organizational restructuring, including severance     (1,372) (239) (1,372)
Non-GAAP Adjusted direct operating expenses $31,150  $27,645  $24,316  $83,844  $77,172 
           
Operating expenses per boe $28.06  $25.39  $134.22  $28.06  $67.75 
           
Total cash direct operating expenses per boe $14.43  $12.23  $11.73  $14.17  $11.44 
           
Non-GAAP Adjusted direct operating expenses per boe $13.29  $12.23  $10.88  $12.99  $11.17 

Reconciliation of GAAP “General and administrative expenses” to Non-GAAP “Adjusted cash general and administrative expenses”
Adjusted cash general and administrative expenses is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes certain non-recurring expenses and non-cash share-based compensation expense. We believe that the non-GAAP measure of Adjusted cash general and administrative expenses is useful to investors because it provides readers with a meaningful measure of our recurring G&A expense and provides for greater comparability period-over-period.

  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, June 30, September 30, September 30,
  2021 2021 2020 2021 2020
  (in thousands, except per unit amounts)
GAAP General and administrative expenses 10,932  6,985  8,585  31,094  23,801 
Less: Share-based compensation (971) (962) (775) (4,179) (2,582)
Significant special charges:          
Acquisition/integration, divestiture and strategic transaction costs (2,680)   (525) (7,335) (525)
Organizational restructuring, including severance     (1,372) (239) (1,372)
Adjusted cash-based general and administrative expenses $7,281  $6,023  $5,913  $19,341  $19,322 
GAAP General and administrative expenses per boe $4.66  $3.09  $3.84  $4.82  $3.45 
Adjusted cash general and administrative expenses per boe $3.11  $2.66  $2.65  $3.00  $2.80 

Definition and Explanation of Free Cash Flow

Free Cash Flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that management believes illustrates our ability to generate cash flows from our business that are available to be returned to our providers of financing capital represented primarily by our debt holders as we do not currently have a dividend or share repurchase program. We present Free Cash Flow as the excess (deficiency) of Discretionary cash flow over Capital additions, net. Discretionary cash flow is defined as Adjusted EBITDAX (non-GAAP measure defined and reconciled to GAAP net income above) less interest expense, debt issue costs, other, net and adjustments for income taxes refunded and changes for working capital. Capital additions represent our committed capital expenditure and acquisition transactions, net of any proceeds from the sales or disposition of assets. We believe Free Cash Flow is commonly used by investors and professional research analysts for the valuation, comparison, rating, investment recommendations of companies in many industries. Free Cash Flow should be considered as a supplement to net income as a measure of performance and net cash provided by operating activities as a measure of our liquidity.

  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended Twelve Months Ended
  September 30, 2021 September 30, 2021 September 30, 2021
  (in thousands)
Adjusted EBITDAX, as reported $88,133  $212,680  $269,354 
Interest expense, as reported, less non-cash interest (10,936) (22,101) (29,008)
Income taxes refunded (paid)   (360) (360)
Debt issue costs paid (1,567) (3,397) (3,397)
Working capital and other, net 13,218  60,272  45,633 
Discretionary cash flow 88,848  247,094  282,222 
       
Capital expenditures, as reported (59,974) (182,827) (215,454)
Proceeds from asset sales 4  157  160 
Sales and use tax refunds applied to capital additions   457  457 
Capital additions, net (59,970) (182,213) (214,837)
Non-GAAP Free cash flow $28,878  $64,881  $67,385 
       
As adjusted net debt at beginning of period 1 $334,191  $370,194  $372,698 
Less: Historical net debt at end of period 2 (305,313) (305,313) (305,313)
Non-GAAP Free cash flow $28,878  $64,881  $67,385 

1 Net debt at the beginning of the period has been adjusted for the net cash effects of the Transaction and debt amendments. See the following table for adjustments attributed to the Juniper transaction and debt amendments.

2 Net debt at the end of the period excludes the 9.25% senior unsecured notes and related funds which were held in escrow as restricted cash - non-current of $396.1 million at September 30, 2021. See the following table.

Net Debt

Net debt, excluding unamortized discount and debt issuance costs is a non-GAAP financial measure that is defined as total principal amount of long-term debt, excluding $9.25% Senior Notes less cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash-current. Net debt, as adjusted, calculated on a pro forma basis as of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020 to adjust for related impacts of the Juniper Transaction (refer to footnote 2 below). The most comparable financial measure to net debt, excluding unamortized discount and debt issuance costs under GAAP is principal amount of long-term debt. Net debt is used by management as a measure of our financial leverage. Net debt, excluding unamortized discount and debt issuance costs should not be used by investors or others as the sole basis in formulating investment decisions as it does not represent the Company’s actual indebtedness.

  October 29, 2021 September 30, 2021 1  June 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
  September 30,
2020
        Actual Pro Forma Adjusted 2 Actual Pro Forma Adjusted 2
    (in thousands)
Long-term debt              
Credit Facility $262,900    $212,900    $238,900    $314,400    $233,900    $324,400    243,900   
9.25% Senior Notes, excluding unamortized discount and issue costs 400,000    —    —    —    —    —    —   
Second lien facility, excluding unamortized discount and issue costs —    143,110    144,985    200,000    148,735    200,000    148,735   
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash-current 3 (59,220)  (50,697)  (49,694)  (13,020)  (12,441)  (20,516)  (19,937) 
Net Debt $603,680    $305,313    $334,191    $501,380    $370,194    $503,884    $372,698   

1  Long-term debt used to calculate Net Debt excludes the 9.25% senior unsecured notes and related funds which were held in escrow as restricted cash at September 30, 2021.

2  Adjustments attributable to the Juniper Transaction and debt amendments include (i) prepayments of $80.5 million under the Credit Facility; (ii) prepayments of $51.3 million under the Second Lien Facility and (iii) transaction expenses of $0.6 million paid in excess of the $150 million received as a capital contribution from Juniper used to fund the prepayments and transaction expenses.

3  Excludes restricted cash - non-current of $396.1 million as of September 30, 2021.

Contact
Clay Jeansonne
Investor Relations
Ph: (713) 722-6540
E-Mail: invest@pennvirginia.com