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Press release content from Globe Newswire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.
PRESS RELEASE: Paid content from Globe Newswire
Press release content from Globe Newswire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.

Avis Budget Group Reports New Record Net Income and Adjusted EBITDA

November 1, 2021 GMT

PARSIPPANY, N.J., Nov. 01, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Avis Budget Group, Inc. (NASDAQ: CAR) today announced its third quarter 2021 financial results.

We ended the third quarter with revenues almost double the prior year and 9% above the third quarter 2019, at $3.0 billion. Our revenues were driven by increased revenue per day and rental days as demand continued from the second quarter.

Net income was $674 million and our Adjusted EBITDA was $1,057 million, our best quarterly Adjusted EBITDA in our Company’s history. Utilization for the quarter was 71.6%, showing sequential quarter improvement and that our fleet was well positioned to meet demand.

Our liquidity position at the end of the quarter was approximately $1.3 billion with an additional $2.7 billion of fleet funding capacity. We have well-laddered corporate debt and no meaningful maturities until 2024.

“Our third quarter results are a testament to our team’s on-going focus around cost discipline and ability to execute operationally,” said Joe Ferraro, Avis Budget Group Chief Executive Officer. “We are seeing the benefits of initiatives we began during the early days of the pandemic and look to build on this positive momentum as the travel environment continues to normalize.”

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Q3 Highlights

  • Total Company revenues increased by 96% and 9% compared to third quarter 2020 and 2019, respectively.
  • Adjusted EBITDA in the Americas was $952 million for the third quarter 2021 driven by strong pricing and sustained cost discipline.
  • Adjusted EBITDA in International was $128 million for the third quarter 2021 driven by pricing and volume beginning to recover along with strong cost mitigating actions.
  • We repurchased approximately 11.6 million shares of common stock in the third quarter at an average cost of $86, bringing our outstanding share count down by 16% from June 30, 2021.
  • We redeemed $235 million of our 5.25% Senior Notes due March 2025 with cash on hand.

Investor Conference Call

We will host a conference call to discuss the Company’s third quarter results on November 2, 2021, at 8:30 a.m. (ET). Investors may access the call at ir.avisbudgetgroup.com or by dialing (877) 407-2991 and a replay will available on our website and at (877) 660-6853 using conference code 13723926.

About Avis Budget Group

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Avis Budget Group, Inc. is a leading global provider of mobility solutions, both through its Avis and Budget brands, which have more than 10,000 rental locations in approximately 180 countries around the world, and through its Zipcar brand, which is the world’s leading car sharing network with more than one million members. Avis Budget Group operates most of its car rental offices in North America, Europe and Australasia directly, and operates primarily through licensees in other parts of the world. Avis Budget Group is headquartered in Parsippany, N.J. More information is available at avisbudgetgroup.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this press release constitute “forward-looking statements.” Any statements that refer to outlook, expectations or other characterizations of future events, circumstances or results, including all statements related to our future results, impact from the COVID-19 outbreak, cost-saving actions, the global semiconductor shortage and cash flows are forward-looking statements. Various risks that could cause future results to differ from those expressed by the forward-looking statements included in this press release include, but are not limited to, the severity and duration of the COVID-19 outbreak, which is expected to continue to have a significant impact on our operations, and resulting economic conditions and related restrictions, the high level of competition in the mobility industry, changes in our fleet costs, including as a result of a change in the cost of new vehicles, manufacturer recalls and/or the value of used vehicles, disruption in the supply of new vehicles, disposition of vehicles not covered by manufacturer repurchase programs, our ability to realize our estimated cost savings on a timely basis, or at all, the financial condition of the manufacturers that supply our rental vehicles, including as a result of the global semiconductor shortage, which could affect their ability to perform their obligations under our repurchase and/or guaranteed depreciation arrangements,the significant decline in travel demand as a result of COVID-19, including the current and any further disruptions in airline passenger traffic, the absence of an improvement in or any further deterioration in economic conditions generally, particularly during our peak season and/or in key market segments, any occurrence or threat of terrorism, the current and any future pandemic diseases or other natural disasters, any changes to the cost or supply of fuel, risks related to acquisitions or integration of acquired businesses, risks associated withlitigation, including class action lawsuits, governmental or regulatory inquiries or investigations, risks related to the security of our information technology systems, disruptions in our communication networks, changes in tax or other regulations, a significant increase in interest rates or borrowing costs, our ability to obtain financing for our global operations, including the funding of our vehicle fleet via asset-backed securities markets, any fluctuations related to the mark-to-market of derivatives which hedge our exposure to exchange rates, interest rates and fuel costs, our ability to meet the covenants contained in the agreements governing our indebtedness, and our ability to accurately estimate our future results and implement our cost savings actions. Other unknown or unpredictable factors could also have material adverse effects on the Company’s performance or achievements. Important assumptions and other important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are specified in Avis Budget Group’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and in other filings and furnishings made by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) from time to time. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Key Metrics

This release includes financial measures such as Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income and Adjusted free cash flow, as well as other financial measures that are not considered generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) measures as defined under SEC rules. Important information regarding such measures is contained in the financial tables to this release and in Appendix I, including the definitions of these measures and reconciliations to the closest comparable GAAP measures. The Company and its management believe that these non-GAAP measures are useful to investors in measuring the comparable results of the Company period-over-period. The GAAP measures most directly comparable to Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted free cash flow, Adjusted pretax income (loss), Adjusted net income (loss) and Adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share are net income (loss), net cash provided by operating activities, income (loss) before income taxes, net income (loss) attributable to Avis Budget Group, Inc. and diluted earnings (loss) per share, respectively. Foreign currency translation effects on the Company’s results are quantified by translating the current period’s non-U.S. dollar-denominated results using the currency exchange rates of the prior period of comparison including any related gains and losses on currency hedges. Per-unit fleet costs, which represent vehicle depreciation, lease charges and gain or loss on vehicle sales, divided by average rental fleet, are calculated on a per-month basis.

Contact 
David Calabria 
IR@avisbudget.com 
PR@avisbudget.com 


Table 1

Avis Budget Group, Inc.
SUMMARY DATA SHEET
(In millions, except per share data)

   Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
   2021 2020 % Change 2021 2020 % Change
Income Statement and Other Items           
 Revenues$3,001  $1,534  96% $6,744  $4,047  67%
 Income (loss) before income taxes929  53  n/m 1,165  (821) 242%
 Net income (loss)674  45  n/m 902  (594) 252%
 Earnings (loss) per share - diluted10.45  0.63  n/m 13.16  (8.40) 257%
              
 Adjusted Earnings Measures (non-GAAP)(A)           
 Adjusted EBITDA1,057  220  380% 1,728  (249) 794%
 Adjusted pretax income (loss)954  99  864% 1,402  (580) 342%
 Adjusted net income (loss)693  79  777% 1,078  (412) 362%
 Adjusted earnings (loss) per share - diluted10.74  1.13  850% 15.72  (5.83) 370%
              
   As of        
   September 30, 2021 December 31, 2020        
Balance Sheet Items           
 Cash and Cash Equivalents$886  $692         
 Vehicles, net11,925  8,153         
 Debt under vehicle programs10,749  6,857         
 Corporate debt4,027  4,210         
 Stockholders' equity(198) (155)        
Segment Results           
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021  2020  % Change 2021  2020  % Change
Revenues           
Americas$2,403  $1,114  116% $5,457  $2,936  86%
International598  420  42% 1,287  1,111  16%
Corporate and Other    n/m     n/m
Total Company$3,001  $1,534  96% $6,744  $4,047  67%
              
Adjusted EBITDA           
Americas$952  $222  329% $1,694  $(41) n/m
International128  6  n/m 86  (174) 149%
Corporate and Other(23) (8) n/m (52) (34) n/m
Total Company$1,057  $220  380% $1,728  $(249) 794%
_______
n/mNot meaningful.
(A)See Table 5 for reconciliations of non-GAAP measures and Appendix I for definitions.

Table 2

Avis Budget Group, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except per share data)

  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2021 2020 2021 2020
Revenues$3,001  $1,534  $6,744  $4,047 
         
Expenses       
 Operating1,225  825  3,089  2,505 
 Vehicle depreciation and lease charges, net277  256  869  1,089 
 Selling, general and administrative361  166  837  549 
 Vehicle interest, net80  77  232  247 
 Non-vehicle related depreciation and amortization69  74  199  214 
 Interest expense related to corporate debt, net:       
 Interest expense47  64  167  163 
 Early extinguishment of debt7  2  136  9 
 Restructuring and other related charges5  17  47  89 
 Transaction-related costs, net1    3  3 
Total expenses2,072  1,481  5,579  4,868 
         
Income (loss) before income taxes929  53  1,165  (821)
 Provision for (benefit from) income taxes255  8  263  (227)
Net income (loss)674  45  902  (594)
Less: net loss attributable to non-controlling interests(1)   (1)  
Net income (loss) attributable to Avis Budget Group, Inc.$675  $45  $903  $(594)
         
Earnings (loss) per share       
 Basic$10.58  $0.64  $13.31  $(8.40)
 Diluted$10.45  $0.63  $13.16  $(8.40)
         
Weighted average shares outstanding       
 Basic63.7  69.7  67.8  70.8 
 Diluted64.6  70.2  68.6  70.8 

Table 3

Avis Budget Group, Inc.
KEY METRICS SUMMARY

   Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
   2021 2020 % Change 2021 2020 % Change
              
Americas            
              
 Rental Days (000’s) 28,836  19,289  49 % 71,768  54,715  31 %
 Revenue per Day, excluding exchange rate effects (A) $83.15  $57.79  44 % $75.88  $53.67  41 %
 Average Rental Fleet 434,416  362,192  20 % 369,012  392,737  (6)%
 Vehicle Utilization 72.2% 57.9% 14.3 pps 71.2% 50.8% 20.4 pps
 Per-Unit Fleet Costs per Month, excluding exchange rate effects (A) $143  $152  (6)% $189  $217  (13)%
              
International            
              
 Rental Days (000’s) 10,720  9,542  12 % 25,679  26,633  (4)%
 Revenue per Day, excluding exchange rate effects (A) $54.91  $43.98  25 % $47.06  $41.70  13 %
 Average Rental Fleet 166,431  154,781  8 % 138,439  170,632  (19)%
 Vehicle Utilization 70.0% 67.0% 3 pps 67.9% 57.0% 10.9 pps
 Per-Unit Fleet Costs per Month, excluding exchange rate effects (A) $179  $195  (8)% $181  $210  (14)%
              
Total            
              
 Rental Days (000’s) 39,556  28,831  37 % 97,447  81,348  20 %
 Revenue per Day, excluding exchange rate effects (A) $75.50  $53.22  42 % $68.28  $49.75  37 %
 Average Rental Fleet 600,847  516,973  16 % 507,451  563,369  (10)%
 Vehicle Utilization 71.6% 60.6% 11 pps 70.3% 52.7% 17.6 pps
 Per-Unit Fleet Costs per Month, excluding exchange rate effects (A) $153  $165  (7)% $187  $215  (13)%
_______      
Refer to Table 6 for key metrics calculations and Appendix I for key metrics definitions.      
(A)The following metrics include changes in currency exchange rates:      
              
   Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
   2021 2020 % Change 2021 2020 % Change
              
Americas            
              
 Revenue per Day $83.33  $57.79  44 % $76.04  $53.67  42 %
 Per-Unit Fleet Costs per Month $143  $152  (6)% $190  $217  (12)%
              
International            
              
 Revenue per Day $55.79  $43.98  27 % $50.12  $41.70  20 %
 Per-Unit Fleet Costs per Month $181  $195  (7)% $192  $210  (9)%
              
Total            
              
 Revenue per Day $75.86  $53.22  43 % $69.21  $49.75  39 %
 Per-Unit Fleet Costs per Month $154  $165  (7)% $190  $215  (12)%

Table 4 (page 1 of 2)

Avis Budget Group, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED SCHEDULES OF CASH FLOWS AND ADJUSTED FREE CASH FLOWS
(In millions)

CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED SCHEDULE OF CASH FLOWS

   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Operating Activities 
Net cash provided by operating activities$2,548 
    
Investing Activities 
Net cash used in investing activities exclusive of vehicle programs$(74)
Net cash used in investing activities of vehicle programs(4,857)
Net cash used in investing activities$(4,931)
    
Financing Activities 
Net cash used in financing activities exclusive of vehicle programs$(1,230)
Net cash provided by financing activities of vehicle programs3,808 
Net cash provided by financing activities$2,578 
    
Effect of changes in exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash$(15)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash180 
Cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash, beginning of period (A)765 
Cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash, end of period (B)$945 

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF ADJUSTED FREE CASH FLOWS (C)

   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Income before income taxes$1,165 
Add-back of non-vehicle related depreciation and amortization (D)204 
Add-back of debt extinguishment costs136 
Add-back of restructuring and other related costs47 
Add-back of transaction-related costs, net3 
Add-back of COVID-19 charges12 
Add-back of unprecedented personal-injury and other legal matters, net(6)
Working capital and other384 
Capital expenditures (E)(93)
Tax payments, net of refunds(63)
Vehicle programs and related (F)(206)
Adjusted free cash flow$1,583  
    
Acquisition and related payments, net of acquired cash$(14)
Borrowings, net of debt repayments(250)
Restructuring and other related payments(28)
Transaction-related payments(4)
COVID-19 payments, net(52)
Unprecedented personal-injury and other legal matter payments, net(8)
Repurchases of common stock(997)
Change in program cash(13)
Change in restricted cash2 
Foreign exchange effects, financing costs and other(39)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents, program and restricted cash (per above)$180  

Table 4 (page 2 of 2)

RECONCILIATION OF NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES TO ADJUSTED FREE CASH FLOW

   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Net cash provided by operating activities (per above)$2,548 
Investing activities of vehicle programs(4,857)
Financing activities of vehicle programs3,808 
Capital expenditures(57)
Proceeds received on sale of assets and nonmarketable equity securities3 
Change in program cash13 
Change in restricted cash(2)
Acquisition and disposition-related payments(3)
Non-controlling interest (distributions) contributions, net38 
COVID-19 payments, net52 
Restructuring and other related payments28 
Unprecedented personal-injury and other legal matter payments, net8 
Transaction-related payments4 
Adjusted free cash flow (per above)$1,583 
 _______
(A)Consists of cash and cash equivalents of $692 million, program cash of $72 million and restricted cash of $1 million.
(B)Consists of cash and cash equivalents of $886 million, program cash of $55 million and restricted cash of $4 million.
(C)See Appendix I for the definition of Adjusted free cash flow.
(D)Includes $5 million of cloud computing costs.
(E)Includes $36 million of cloud computing implementation costs.
(F)Includes vehicle-backed borrowings (repayments) that are incremental to amounts required to fund incremental (reduced) vehicle and vehicle-related assets.

Table 5

Avis Budget Group, Inc.
DEFINITIONS AND RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES
(In millions, except per share data)

The accompanying press release includes certain non-GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) financial measures as defined under SEC rules. To the extent not provided in the press release or accompanying tables, we have provided the reasons we present these non-GAAP financial measures and a description of what they represent in Appendix I. For each non-GAAP financial measure a reconciliation to the most comparable GAAP financial measure is calculated and presented below with reconciliations of net income (loss), income (loss) before income taxes and diluted earnings (loss) per share to Adjusted EBITDA and our Adjusted earnings measures.

   Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
Reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA:2021 2020 2021 2020
         
 Net income (loss)$674  $45  $902  $(594)
 Add:Provision for (benefit from) income taxes255  8  263  (227)
 Income (loss) before income taxes929  53  1,165  (821)
          
 Add certain items:       
 Early extinguishment of debt7  2  136  9 
 Restructuring and other related charges5  17  47  89 
 Acquisition-related amortization expense13  17  45  46 
 COVID-19 charges (A)(6) 10  12  90 
 Transaction-related costs, net1    3  3 
 Non-operational charges related to shareholder activist activity (B)      4 
 Unprecedented personal-injury and other legal matters, net (C)5    (6)  
 Adjusted pretax income (loss)954  99  1,402  (580)
         
 Add:Non-vehicle related depreciation and amortization (excluding acquisition-related amortization expense) (D)56  57  159  168 
  Interest expense related to corporate debt, net (excluding early extinguishment of debt)47  64  167  163 
 Adjusted EBITDA$1,057  $220  $1,728  $(249)
          
Reconciliation of net income attributable to Avis Budget Group, Inc. to adjusted net income:       
          
 Net income (loss) attributable to Avis Budget Group, Inc.$675  $45  $903  $(594)
 Add certain items, net of tax:       
  Early extinguishment of debt5  1  101  7 
  Restructuring and other related charges4  14  35  69 
  Acquisition-related amortization expense9  12  33  34 
  COVID-19 charges(5) 7  8  67 
  Transaction-related costs, net1    2  2 
  Non-operational charges related to shareholder activist activity      3 
  Unprecedented personal-injury and other legal matters, net4    (4)  
 Adjusted net income (loss)$693  $79  $1,078  $(412)
          
 Earnings (loss) per share - Diluted$10.45  $0.63  $13.16  $(8.40)
          
 Adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share$10.74  $1.13  $15.72  $(5.83)
          
 Shares used to calculate Adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share64.6  70.2   68.6
   70.8
 
_______       
(A)The following table presents the unusual, direct and incremental costs due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2021 2020 2021 2020
 Minimum annual guaranteed rent in excess of concession fees, net$(4) $11  $12  $41 
 Vehicles damaged in overflow parking lots, net of insurance proceeds(3) (19) (7) 14 
 Incremental cleaning supplies to sanitize vehicles and facilities, and over flow parking for idle vehicles  18    35 
 Other charges1    7   
 Operating expenses$(6) $8  $11  $87 
 Vehicle depreciation and lease charges$  $1  $  $1 
 Selling, general and administrative expenses$  $1  $1  $2 
(B)Reported within selling, general and administrative expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(C)Reported within operating expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(D)For the nine months ended September 30, 2021 consists of $5 million within operating expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Operations related to cloud computing costs.

Table 6

Avis Budget Group, Inc.
KEY METRICS CALCULATIONS
($ in millions, except as noted)

   Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
   Americas International Total Americas International Total
Revenue per Day (RPD)           
 Revenue$2,403   $598   $3,001   $1,114  $420  $1,534 
 Currency exchange rate effects(5)  (10)  (15)       
 Revenue excluding exchange rate effects$2,398   $588   $2,986   $1,114  $420  $1,534 
 Rental days (000's)28,836   10,720   39,556   19,289  9,542  28,831 
  RPD excluding exchange rate effects
(in $'s)
$83.15   $54.91   $75.50   $57.79  $43.98  $53.22 
             
Vehicle Utilization           
 Rental days (000's)28,836   10,720   39,556   19,289  9,542  28,831 
 Average rental fleet434,416   166,431   600,847   362,192  154,781  516,973 
 Number of days in period92   92   92   92  92  92 
 Available rental days (000's)39,966   15,312   55,278   33,322  14,240  47,562 
 Vehicle utilization72.2 % 70.0 % 71.6 % 57.9% 67.0% 60.6%
              
Per-Unit Fleet Costs           
 Vehicle depreciation and lease charges, net$187   $90   $277   $166  $90  $256 
 Currency exchange rate effects(1)  (1)  (2)       
  $186   $89   $275   $166  $90  $256 
 Average rental fleet434,416   166,431   600,847   362,192  154,781  516,973 
 Per-unit fleet costs (in $'s)$428   $536   $458   $456  $584  $494 
 Number of months in period3   3   3   3  3  3 
 Per-unit fleet costs per month excluding exchange rate effects (in $'s)$143   $179   $153   $152  $195  $165 
   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
   Americas International Total Americas International Total
Revenue per Day (RPD)           
 Revenue$5,457   $1,287   $6,744   $2,936  $1,111  $4,047 
 Currency exchange rate effects(11)  (79)  (90)       
 Revenue excluding exchange rate effects$5,446   $1,208   $6,654   $2,936  $1,111  $4,047 
 Rental days (000's)71,768   25,679   97,447   54,715  26,633  81,348 
  RPD excluding exchange rate effects
(in $'s)
$75.88   $47.06   $68.28   $53.67  $41.70  $49.75 
             
Vehicle Utilization           
 Rental days (000's)71,768   25,679   97,447   54,715  26,633  81,348 
 Average rental fleet369,012   138,439   507,451   392,737  170,632  563,369 
 Number of days in period273   273   273   274  274  274 
 Available rental days (000's)100,740   37,794   138,534   107,610  46,753  154,363 
 Vehicle utilization71.2 % 67.9 % 70.3 % 50.8% 57.0% 52.7%
              
Per-Unit Fleet Costs           
 Vehicle depreciation and lease charges, net$630   $239   $869   $767  $322  $1,089 
 Currency exchange rate effects(3)  (14)  (17)       
  $627   $225   $852   $767  $322  $1,089 
 Average rental fleet369,012   138,439   507,451   392,737  170,632  563,369 
 Per-unit fleet costs (in $'s)$1,700   $1,625   $1,679   $1,951  $1,887  $1,932 
 Number of months in period9   9   9   9  9  9 
 Per-unit fleet costs per month excluding exchange rate effects (in $'s)$189   $181   $187   $217  $210  $215 
_______   
Our calculation of rental days and revenue per day may not be comparable to the calculation of similarly-titled metrics by other companies. Currency exchange rate effects are calculated by translating the current-year results at the prior-period average exchange rates plus any related gains and losses on currency hedges.

Appendix I

Avis Budget Group, Inc.
DEFINITIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES AND KEY METRICS

Adjusted EBITDA
The accompanying press release presents Adjusted EBITDA, which represents income (loss) from continuing operations before non-vehicle related depreciation and amortization, any impairment charges, restructuring and other related charges, early extinguishment of debt costs, non-vehicle related interest, transaction-related costs, net, charges for unprecedented personal-injury and other legal matters, net, which includes amounts recorded in excess of $5 million related to class action lawsuits, non-operational charges related to shareholder activist activity, which include third party advisory, legal and other professional service fees, gain on sale of equity method investment in China, COVID-19 charges and income taxes. COVID-19 charges include unusual, direct and incremental costs due to the COVID-19 pandemic such as minimum annual guaranteed rent in excess of concession fees for the period, overflow parking for idle vehicles and related shuttling costs, incremental cleaning supplies to sanitize vehicles and facilities, and losses associated with vehicles damaged in overflow parking lots, net of insurance proceeds. We have revised our definition of Adjusted EBITDA to exclude amounts recorded in excess of $5 million related to class action lawsuits. We did not revised prior years’ Adjusted EBITDA because there were no costs similar in nature to these costs. Adjusted EBITDA includes stock-based compensation expense and deferred financing fee amortization totaling $16 million and $9 million in third quarter 2021 and 2020, respectively, and totaling $41 million and $22 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors as a supplemental measure in evaluating the aggregate performance of our operating businesses and in comparing our results from period to period. Adjusted EBITDA is the measure that is used by our management, including our chief operating decision maker, to perform such evaluation. Adjusted EBITDA is also a component in the determination of management’s compensation. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for net income or other income statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP and our presentation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures used by other companies. A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA from net income (loss) recognized under GAAP is provided on Table 5.

Adjusted Earnings Non-GAAP Measures
The accompanying press release and tables present Adjusted pretax income (loss), Adjusted net income (loss) and Adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share, which exclude certain items. We believe that these measures referred to above are useful to investors as supplemental measures in evaluating the aggregate performance of the Company. We exclude restructuring and other related charges, transaction-related costs, costs related to early extinguishment of debt and certain other items as such items are not representative of the results of operations of our business less a provision for income taxes derived utilizing applicable statutory tax rates for each item. A reconciliation of our Adjusted earnings Non-GAAP measures from the appropriate measures recognized under GAAP is provided on Table 5.

Adjusted Free Cash Flow
Represents Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities adjusted to reflect the cash inflows and outflows relating to capital expenditures, the investing and financing activities of our vehicle programs, asset sales, if any, and to exclude debt extinguishment costs, transaction-related costs, restructuring and other related charges, COVID-19 charges and non-operational charges related to shareholder activist activity. We have revised our definition of Adjusted Free Cash Flow to exclude COVID-19 charges and have not revised prior years’ Adjusted Free Cash Flow amounts as there were no other charges similar in nature to these. We believe this change is meaningful to investors as it brings the measurement in line with our other non-GAAP measures. We believe that Adjusted Free Cash Flow is useful to management and investors in measuring the cash generated that is available to be used to repay debt obligations, repurchase stock, pay dividends and invest in future growth through new business development activities or acquisitions. Adjusted Free Cash Flow should not be construed as a substitute in measuring operating results or liquidity, and our presentation of Adjusted Free Cash Flow may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures used by other companies. A reconciliation of Adjusted Free Cash Flow to the appropriate measure recognized under GAAP is provided on Table 4.

Adjusted EBITDA Margin
Represents Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of revenues.

Available Rental Days
Defined as Average Rental Fleet times the numbers of days in a given period.

Average Rental Fleet
Represents the average number of vehicles in our fleet during a given period of time.

Currency Exchange Rate Effects
Represents the difference between current-period results as reported and current-period results translated at the prior-period average exchange rates plus any related currency hedges.

Net Corporate Debt
Represents corporate debt minus cash and cash equivalents.

Net Corporate Leverage
Represents Net Corporate Debt divided by Adjusted EBITDA for the twelve months prior to the date of calculation.

Per-Unit Fleet Costs
Represents vehicle depreciation, lease charges and gain or loss on vehicles sales, divided by Average Rental Fleet.

Rental Days
Represents the total number of days (or portion thereof) a vehicle was rented during a 24-hour period.

Revenue per Day
Represents revenues divided by Rental Days.

Vehicle Utilization
Represents Rental Days divided by Available Rental Days.