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Press release content from NewMediaWire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.
PRESS RELEASE: Paid content from NewMediaWire
Press release content from NewMediaWire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.

Machine learning helps predict survival rates of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

November 9, 2020 GMT

Research Highlights:

  • Machine learning predictions about the survival rate of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were more accurate when neighborhood-level factors were added to the data analysis.
  • Future research can use this newly developed model to identify neighborhood-level intervention methods to decrease death rates from an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Embargoed until 4 a.m. CT/ 5 a.m. ET Monday, Nov. 9, 2020

( NewMediaWire ) - November 09, 2020 - DALLAS - Using neighborhood and local data in combination with existing information sources creates a more accurate prediction on a patient’s recovery prospects after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Resuscitation Science Symposium 2020. The 2020 meeting will be held virtually, November 14-16,  and will feature the most recent advances related to treating cardiopulmonary arrest and life-threatening traumatic injury.

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The machine learning algorithms were developed and tested on nearly 10,000 cases of OHCA that happened in Chicago’s 77 neighborhoods between 2014 and 2019.  Researchers used OHCA information from the existing Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES) database to identify incidents that happened outside of a health care system or a nursing home facility around the Chicago area. Information about individual communities from the Chicago Health Atlas (CHA), including crime rates, access to health care and education, was then added.

Researchers merged the CARES and CHA information to train a machine learning model to predict OHCA survival. The addition of the CHA data increased the average recall of OHCA survival predictions from 84.5 to nearly 87%.

“This is exciting,” says the study’s lead author, Samuel Harford, M.S., a Ph.D. candidate in the department of mechanical and industrial engineering at the University of Illinois at Chicago. “We were able to provide a machine learning model with information from publicly available, real-world sources that helped us find patterns that might be otherwise unseen, therefore, yielding better results. This strategy has the potential to be helpful in more accurately predicting other clinical outcomes in future studies.”

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The study had limitations based on the quality of data, and more information that could impact the results such as weather, traffic, EMS routes and socioeconomic status still need to be examined.

Co-authors are Houshang Darabi, Ph.D.; Sara Heinert, Ph.D., M.P.H.; Marina Del Rios, M.D., M.S. Author disclosures are in the abstract.

Note: Poster: ReSS.APS.01.07 Disparities.

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of studies that are presented at the American Heart Association’s scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect the Association’s policy or position. The Association makes no representation or guarantee as to their accuracy or reliability. The Association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific Association programs and events. The Association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and biotech companies, device manufacturers and health insurance providers are available here, and the Association’s overall financial information is available here

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