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Press release content from PR Newswire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.

Home Value Disparities Between Races Are Still Pronounced, but Shrinking

January 5, 2021 GMT
Zillow logo (PRNewsfoto/Zillow Group)
Zillow logo (PRNewsfoto/Zillow Group)

SEATTLE, Jan. 5, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Typical values for Black- and Latinx-owned homes still lag behind overall U.S. home values, but the gap is narrowing. A new Zillow®analysis shows homes owned by Black and Latinx households are worth 16.2% and 10.2% less, respectively, than the typical U.S. home -- gaps that have closed by about 4 percentage points from their widest points following the Great Recession.

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Homes owned by non-Hispanic white and Asian families, meanwhile, have typical values 2.9% and 3.7% higher than the typical U.S. home.

While inequity in home values continues to persist, the data show them steadily, albeit slowly, converging. Since homeownership is the single largest driver of wealth for many households, the value and appreciation of a home is extremely impactful for families.

Before the Great Recession, the gap between Black-owned home values and all home values was about 15%, but grew to 20% by March 2014. Similarly, Latinx-owned homes saw the largest home value gap in May 2012 at 14% -- 2 percentage points larger than before the housing bubble. Now, nearly a decade later, home values for Black- and Latinx-owned homes are back at pre-bubble levels, and continue to narrow despite the current economic crisis.

One reason for the wide gap is that the housing bust hit communities of color especially hard. Subprime loans were targeted to take advantage of the most vulnerable communities, and the ensuing wave of foreclosures hurt homeownership and home values disproportionately for Black and Latinx homeowners. Fast forward 12 years, and homeownership rates and home values are still recovering for these communities. While home value growth turned positive for U.S. homes in August 2012, it took an additional two years for Black and Latinx homes to see this same growth.

“It has taken nearly a decade for the home value gap to return to pre-recession levels, but still, the gap remains very large,” says Zillow economist Treh Manhertz. “With Black and brown communities and jobs hit disproportionately hard in the pandemic, there has been reason to worry another dip may be on the horizon that could slow or stop the progress. However, this is not the case, as the same factors that widened the gap in the Great Recession are not surfacing this time. Thanks to rock bottom rates on the most secure mortgages, extended forbearance programs, and rising home prices, there are no signs of another widening of the gap coming this year. However, through these turbulent times, continued vigilance and targeted intervention by policymakers is crucial to keep the progress going for communities of color.”

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Home value inequality varies greatly in different states and metropolitan areas. Large metros with the smallest spread between Black-owned home values are Riverside (1% value gap), San Antonio (3%), Las Vegas (3%), and Portland (4%). Among the most unequal are Detroit (46% value gap), Buffalo (43%) Birmingham (43%), St. Louis (41%), and Milwaukee (40%).

Black homeownership rates are also on the rise since the Great Recession, despite challenges for Black homebuyers to secure a mortgage. Telework has the ability to expand the opportunity for homeownership even further for Black and Latinx renters, providing the flexibility to own a home in a less-expensive area.

Metropolitan Area*

Zillow Home Value Index

ZHVI for Black-Owned Homes

Home Value Gap for Black-Owned Homes

ZHVI for Latinx-Owned Homes

Home Value Gap for Latinx-Owned Homes

United States

$262,604

$219,931

-16.2%

$235,943

-10.2%

New York/Newark, NY/NJ

$505,569

$444,523

-12.1%

$458,474

-9.3%

Los Angeles, CA

$726,379

$587,679

-19.1%

$551,079

-24.1%

Chicago, IL

$255,532

$159,962

-37.4%

$213,016

-16.6%

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

$271,831

$221,932

-18.4%

$223,245

-17.9%

Philadelphia, PA

$269,695

$207,440

-23.1%

$218,992

-18.8%

Houston, TX

$229,613

$190,589

-17.0%

$196,079

-14.6%

Washington, DC

$459,656

$430,736

-6.3%

$431,427

-6.1%

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

$312,574

$258,932

-17.2%

$308,280

-1.4%

Atlanta, GA

$255,109

$216,927

-15.0%

$244,280

-4.2%

Boston, MA

$525,223

$443,914

-15.5%

$460,944

-12.2%

San Francisco, CA

$1,126,793

$875,107

-22.3%

$909,903

-19.2%

Detroit, MI

$195,270

$106,413

-45.5%

$154,686

-20.8%

Riverside, CA

$411,728

$407,797

-1.0%

$393,359

-4.5%

Phoenix, AZ

$315,045

$275,568

-12.5%

$254,695

-19.2%

Seattle, WA

$567,205

$478,372

-15.7%

$518,693

-8.6%

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN

$310,357

$271,748

-12.4%

$288,169

-7.1%

San Diego, CA

$649,474

$529,026

-18.5%

$545,204

-16.1%

St. Louis, MO

$190,720

$112,529

-41.0%

$183,594

-3.7%

Tampa, FL

$240,308

$211,518

-12.0%

$230,762

-4.0%

Baltimore, MD

$311,464

$269,153

-13.6%

$290,738

-6.7%

Denver, CO

$468,128

$412,917

-11.8%

$430,108

-8.1%

Pittsburgh, PA

$174,771

$137,005

-21.6%

$224,108

28.2%

Portland, OR

$442,464

$426,583

-3.6%

$421,170

-4.8%

Charlotte, NC

$259,012

$218,607

-15.6%

$235,254

-9.2%

Sacramento, CA

$458,805

$424,437

-7.5%

$431,496

-6.0%

San Antonio, TX

$223,830

$216,275

-3.4%

$198,868

-11.2%

Orlando, FL

$268,806

$242,226

-9.9%

$259,484

-3.5%

Cincinnati, OH

$203,768

$166,450

-18.3%

$207,243

1.7%

Cleveland, OH

$168,994

$101,824

-39.7%

$134,180

-20.6%

Kansas City, MO

$220,301

$163,397

-25.8%

$185,913

-15.6%

Las Vegas, NV

$305,073

$294,656

-3.4%

$274,878

-9.9%

Columbus, OH

$225,835

$174,351

-22.8%

$209,033

-7.4%

Indianapolis, IN

$200,366

$179,633

-10.3%

$178,652

-10.8%

San Jose, CA

$1,236,298

$1,120,585

-9.4%

$951,612

-23.0%

Austin, TX

$366,297

$294,580

-19.6%

$313,708

-14.4%

Virginia Beach, VA

$259,731

$245,226

-5.6%

$254,769

-1.9%

Nashville, TN

$297,996

$269,767

-9.5%

$278,214

-6.6%

Providence, RI

$342,548

$308,388

-10.0%

$309,296

-9.7%

Milwaukee, WI

$202,012

$121,715

-39.7%

$165,441

-18.1%

Jacksonville, FL

$246,484

$193,905

-21.3%

$244,903

-0.6%

Memphis, TN

$167,904

$124,538

-25.8%

$145,730

-13.2%

Oklahoma City, OK

$171,213

$142,051

-17.0%

$131,541

-23.2%

Louisville, KY

$192,122

$141,855

-26.2%

$174,852

-9.0%

Hartford, CT

$250,566

$205,037

-18.2%

$216,184

-13.7%

Richmond, VA

$261,415

$234,525

-10.3%

$250,052

-4.3%

New Orleans, LA

$217,016

$179,157

-17.4%

$213,635

-1.6%

Buffalo, NY

$187,090

$106,690

-43.0%

$163,008

-12.9%

Raleigh, NC

$299,764

$253,661

-15.4%

$272,773

-9.0%

Birmingham, AL

$184,012

$105,272

-42.8%

$172,171

-6.4%

Salt Lake City, UT

$418,763

$395,093

-5.7%

$358,700

-14.3%

*Table ordered by market size

About Zillow Group:
Zillow Group, Inc. (NASDAQ: Z and ZG) is reimagining real estate to make it easier to unlock life’s next chapter.

As the most-visited real estate website in the U.S., Zillow® and its affiliates offer customers an on-demand experience for selling, buying, renting or financing with transparency and nearly seamless end-to-end service. Zillow Offers® buys and sells homes directly in dozens of markets across the country, allowing sellers control over their timeline. Zillow Home Loans™, our affiliate lender, provides our customers with an easy option to get pre-approved and secure financing for their next home purchase. Zillow recently launched Zillow Homes, Inc., a licensed brokerage entity, to streamline Zillow Offers transactions.

Zillow Group’s affiliates and subsidiaries include Zillow®, Zillow Offers®, Zillow Premier Agent®, Zillow Home Loans™, Zillow Closing Services™, Zillow Homes, Inc., Trulia®, Out East®, StreetEasy® and HotPads®. Zillow Home Loans, LLC is an Equal Housing Lender, NMLS #10287 ( www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org ).

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SOURCE Zillow